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anatomy test #1
Terms in this set (37)
carbuncles are infected or inflammation of hair follicle, typically with a staph infection.
typically around lips and mouth. a fluid filled blisters that itch from herpes. can be brought out by stress or sun
a contagious bacterial skin infection forming pustules and yellow, crusty sores. typically yellow - crusted around nose and mouth common in elementary aged children.
Psoriasis is a common skin condition that speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It causes cells to build up rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra skin cells form scales and red patches that are itchy and sometimes painful.
damage to skin tissue and cell death due to UV radiation, chemicals, intense heat, electricity
life-threatening problems with burns
infection and dehydration
rule of nines
method used to calculate the amount of fluid lost as the result of a burn; divides the body into 11 areas, each accounting for 9% of the total body area
1st degree burn
only epidermis damaged, heal in 2-3 days, sunburn
2nd degree burn
epidermis and dermis damaged. partial thickness. epidemris can regenerate. 7-10 days to heal.
3rd degree burn
full thickness burn, dermis and epidermis very damaged. gray, blanched appearance. nerve ending destroyed. no regeneration- skin graft.
The integumentary system consists of the skin, hair, nails, glands, and nerves. Its main function is to act as a barrier to protect the body from the outside world. It also functions to retain body fluids, protect against disease, eliminate waste products, and regulate body temperature.
The cutaneous membrane is another name for skin. The skin's primary role is to help protect the rest of the body's tissues and organs from physical damage
The lining of various body cavities, including the nose, ears, and mouth
a thin membrane lining the closed cavities of the body
The lining of a joint that secretes synovial fluid into the joint space.
inflammatory disease of the skin involving the sebaceous glands and hair follicles
overactivity of the sebaceous glands that results in the production of an excessive amount of sebum
used to control acne
glands that produce sweat; found over most of the body
Sweat glands in the pubic and underarm areas that secrete thicker sweat, that produce odors when coming in contact with bacteria on the skin
The most abundant epidermal cells, they function mainly to produce keratin.
the deepest layer of the epidermis consisting of stem cells capable of undergoing cell division to form new cells
15-20 layers thick flattened, no nucleated containing amorphous protein
stratum corner sloughing off. 40lbs in one life time
A pigment that gives the skin its color
freckles and moles
aggregations of melanocytes
The inner layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
Outermost layer of the dermis, directly underneath the epidermis
Deeper layer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients
deepest epidermal layer is responsible for production of pigment, which gives color to the skin
comes from lying in one position too long so that the circulation in the skin is compromised by the pressure
blocked sebaceous glands
risks for skin cancer
-Overexposure to UV radiation
-Frequent irritation of the skin
-light colored hair
-50+ freckles and moles
accumulations of dried sebum, bacteria, and melanin from epithelial cells in the oil duct
An inflammation of the skin caused by having contact with certain chemicals or substances; many of these substances are used in cosmetology.
what degree is 25% burn at
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