103 terms

Film Studies Midterm 1800

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Establishing Shot
The first shot that's purpose is to provide a clear representation of the location of the action
Tilt
What is the name of the shot motion that is a vertical, up down motion, of otherwise stationary cameras.
Pan
What is the name of the shot motion that is a horizontal turning movement of an otherwise immobile camera across a scene from left to right (vice versa)
High Angle shot
A shot taken from a camera positioned above the subject, looking down at it.
Low Angle Shot
A shot taken from a camera positioned below the subject
Exposition
Dense accumulation of detail conveyed in the opening moments of a film.
Fabula
A chronological and complete account of all the events in a narrative (story)
Syuzhet
The selection and ordering of narrative events presented in a film.
Diegetic
The imagined world of a story (experienced)
Nondiegetic
Term used for any narrative, sound, or visual element not contained IN THE STORY WORLD
Three Act Structure
The classic model of narrative form that starts with introducing the characters and conflicts, then offers complication leading to the climax, finally then containing the denouncement and resolution of the plot.
Four part structure
Contemporary modification of the classic structure, identifies the critical turning point at the halfway mark of most
Hard Light
When light is emitted from a relatively small source posited close to the subject; tends to be unflattering because it creates deep shadows and emphasizes surface imperfections
Soft light
Light emitted from a larger source that is scattered over a bigger area or reflected off a surface before it strikes the subject.. It minimizes facial details, including wrinkles.
Loose framing
A technique of leaving empty space around the subject in the frame, in order to convey openness and continuity of visible space and to imply off screen space.
Tight framing
A visual effect created when the subject in the frame is restricted by the objects or the physical properties of the set.
Saturation
The measure of intensity or purity of a color.
Depth of Field
The distance that appears in focus in front and behind the subject. Determined by the aperture, distance, focal length of a lens.
Aperture
A small, variable opening on a camera lens that regulates the amount of light entering the camera and striking the surface of the film
Focal length (of lens)
The distance in millimeters from the optical center of a lens to the plane where the sharpest image is formed while focusing on a distant object
Wide-angle
A lens with a shorter focal length than a typical lens. (15mm-35mm). Creates the subject to be smaller as a result, but the angle of vision is wider and an illusion that is created of the greater depth in the frame.
Telephoto
A lens with a focal length greater than 50mm (usually between 80mm and 200mm). Provides larger image OF THE SUBJECT than a normal or wide angle lens, narrows the angle of vision and flattens the depth of the image, relative to normal and wide angle lenses.
Aspect Ratio
The shape of the image onscreen as determined by the width (horizontal) of the frame relative to it's height.
Mise en Scene
a :the arrangement of actors and scenery on a stage for a theatrical production
b :stage setting
Eye Level Shots (Camera Height)
The height of the camera 5 to 6ft from the ground, the shot stimulates person is standing before the action is presented. (Camera Height)
High Angle Shots
The camera is positioned above the action and aimed downward, tend to minimize the subject. (Camera Angle)
Low Angle Shots
The camera is below the subject, aiming upward, often exaggerate the size and volume of the subject (Camera Angle)
Interior Shot
The camera, originally set at a slightly low angle, but the ceiling is visible, it is this kind of shot.... (Camera Angle)
Dutch angle shot or Canted
The camera is leaning on one side, while the subject creates a diagonal line in the frame. These shots signify an emotion of unbalance. (Camera Angle)
Overhead shot
This shot gives a unique perspective on the action from above, striving for a dramatic effect (Camera Angle)
Extremely Long Shot
A shot that makes the human subject very small in relation to his or her environment, entire figure from head to toe is on screen and dwarfed by the surroundings. (Camera Distance)
Long Shot
A camerashot taken at a large distance from the subject, using the human body as a subject, capturing the entire human form . (Camera Distance)
Medium Long shot
A shot that depicts a human body from the feet up . (Camera Distance)
Medium shot
A shot depicting the human body from the waist up . (Camera Distance)
Medium close up
A shot that includes the human figure from the shoulders up . (Camera Distance)
Close up
A shot taken when the camera is so close to a subject that it fills the entire frame. Commonly used for a shot that isolates and encompasses a single actor's face, to emphasize the emotion . (Camera Distance)
Extreme close up
A shot taken from a vantage point so close that only a part of the subject is visible. May only show an eye or a portion of the face. . (Camera Distance)
Two Shot
Contains two characters within a frame
180 degree rule
Filming and editing so that all shots in a scene are from the same side of an imaginary straight line running between the scene's major subjects.
avant-garde film
Film as a visual Art form rather than a story telling medium
Motif
A recurring theme, subject or idea
parallel
Two characters, events, or locations are compared through the use of a narrative element or visual or sound device.
Third person
Narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as he or she
omniscient narrator
a narrator who is able to know, see, and tell all, including the inner thoughts and feelings of the characters
Restricted Narration
Thought and feeling of one to two character without the intervention of an explicit narrator
figure placement and movement
The arrangement of actors on screen as a compositional element that suggests themes, character development, emotional content, and visual motifs
prostheses
Devices that attach to actors' faces and/or bodies to change their appearance
hard light
Small light positioned close to subject
soft light
big light positioned far away from subject the light is scattered
three-point lighting
A common arrangement using three directions of light on a scene: from behind the subjects (backlighting), from one bright source (key light), and from a less bright source balancing the key light (fill light).
high key lighting
Illumination that creates comparatively little contrast between the light and dark areas of the shot. Shadows are fairly transparent and brightened by fill light. Virtually no shadows. 2:1 ratio
low key lighting
illumination that creates strong contrast between light and dark areas of the shot, with deep shadows and little fill light. Lots of shadows 4:1 - 8:1
Natural-key lighting
key to fill 4:1 ratio, whereby fill cannot eliminate all shadows
Composition
The visual arrangement of objects, actors, and space within the frame.
Long Take
Uninterrupted shot that lasts more than 1 minute
Go-motion
a technique developed by Industrial Light and Magic, builds movement into single frames.
Offscreen space
cinematic space that exists outside the frame
Focus Puller
marks distance from camera then marks it on the focus ring so all shots are in focus
fish eye lens
An ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.
star filters
create points of light that streak outward from a light source
Color Filters
a photographic filter that absorbs light of certain colors.
day for night
The practice of shooting during the day but using filters and underexposure to create the illusion of nighttime
Emulsion
a light-sensitive coating on paper or film
base
the flexible support material for the emulsion
gauge
size of film
exposure
amount of light exposed to the emulsion layer
Overexposure
Too much light enters the aperture of a camera lens, bleaching out the image. Useful for fantasy and nightmare scenes.
Underexposure
Exposure that allows less than the required amount of light to reach the sensors
Tinting
an early color process, involving bathing lengths of processed film in dye one scene at a time
toning
An early color process that replaced silver halide grains with colored salts
Orthochromatic
a film that is not sensitive to the red spectrum
panchromatic
sensitive to the light of all colors industry standard 1930
Cinerama
A widescreen process that uses three cameras, three projectors, and a wide, curved screen
Aspect Ratio
The relationship of width to height in a picture or shape.
academy ratio
1.33:1 was the normal ratio for movies until aspect ratio became a thing in 1950
wide film
A format that uses a larger film stock than standard 35mm. IMAX, Omnimax, and Showscan are shot on 70mm film
Vista Vision
A film process that uses 35mm film stock but changes the orientation of the film so that the film moves through the camera horizontally instead of vertically. The larger image is of higher quality than standard 35mm processes
scratching
scraping the surface of the film to achieve the look of a home movie
pushing
allowing it a longer time in development, which increases contrast and density
rear projection
Projector placed behind screen to produce an image
Matte paintings
A painting used on the set as a portion of the background
glass shot
A shot made by shooting through a pane of glass on which have been painted objects or elements of setting meant to blend in with the actual set behind the glass.
traveling matte
a mask used to cover portions of the image that move from frame to frame
performance capture
a technique for generating computer models from data gathered from an actor's performance
graphic match
two successive shots joined so as to create a strong similarity of compositional elements
shot transitions
The use of editing techniques, such as a fade or dissolve, to indicate the end of one scene and the beginning of another.
iris in/iris out
A transition that closes the shot down to a circular point or opens out from a circular point.
parallel editing
A technique of cutting back and forth between action occurring in two different locations, which often creates the illusion that they are happening simultaneously. Also called "cross cutting."
shot/reverse shot
A shot of one subject, then another, then back to the first. It is often used for conversation or reaction shots.
eyeline match
This match cut uses a character's line of sight to motivate the cut.
Cutaway
a shot that interrupts a continuous action, "cutting away" to another image or action, often to abridge time
30 degree rule
the convention that the camera should move at least 30 degrees any time there is a cut within a scene
Soviet Montage
style of editing built around the theory that editing should highlight difference between shots to produce meaning
Mixing
audio mixing is the process by which sounds are combined into one or more channels
Score
music specifically made for a film
Foley Artist
produce many of film's sound effects by creatively manipulating various materials
Direct sound
sound captured directly from its source
ADR
automatic dialogue replacement
Looping
actors re-read their lines as they watch footage of the scene that needs to be reworked
sound bridge
(1) At the beginning of one scene, the sound from the previous scene carries over briefly before the sound from the new scene begins. (2) At the end of one scene, the sound from the next scene is heard, leading into that scene.
lighting mix
sound doesn't overlap from one scene into the next Instead, filmakers link scores together by joining different sounds that have similar qualities
on-the-nose-dialogue
clunky dialogue that states the obvious
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