Poetry Final

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Terms in this set (...)

iambic: u /
trochaic: / u
spondaic: / /
pyrrhic: u u
anapestic: u u /
dactylic: / u u
...
Shakespeare
...
From fairest creatures we desire increase
young man Shakespeare thinks should marry and pass on his beauty
"but thou contracted to thine own bright eyes / feeds't thy light's flame with self-substantial fuel"
"within thine own bud buriest thy content / and, tender churl, mak'st waste in niggarding"
Those hours that with gentle work did frame
time destroys beauty indiscriminately
"sap checked with frost and lusty leaves quite gone / beauty o'ersnowed and bareness everywhere"
-liquid prisoner, flowers distilled
When I do count the clock that tells the time
"and nothing 'gainst Time's scythe can make defenses / save breed, to brave him when he takes thee hence"
When I consider everything that grows
...holds in perfection but a little moment
"vaunt in their youthful sap"
"and all in war with Time for love of you / as he takes from you, i engraft you new"
Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?
beauty immortalized in a poem
"so long as men can breath or eyes can see / so long lives this, and this gives life to thee"
Weary with toil, I haste me to my bed
"intend a zealous pilgrimage to thee"
When in disgrace with Fortune and men's eyes
"trouble deaf heaven"
"desiring this man's art and that man's scope"
"then I scorn to change my state with kings"
Thy bosom is endearéd with all hearts
everyone Shakespeare has lost comes back to him in this person
"thou art the grave where buried love doth live / hung with the trophies of my lovers gone"
If the dull substance of my flesh were thought
"for nimble thought can jump both sea and land / as soon as think the place where he would be / but ah, thought kills me that I am not thought"
What is your substance, whereof are you made
...that millions of strange shadows on you tend
-he is the form of beauty, shadows are
-allegory of the cave
"describe Adonis, and the counterfeit / is poorly imitated after you"
"in all external grace you have some part / but you like none, none you, for constant heart"
Not marble, nor the gilded monuments
of princes, shall outlive this pow'rful rhyme
"so till the judgment that yourself arise / you live in this, and dwell in lover's eyes"
When I have seen by time's fell hand defaced
-towers down-razed, hungry ocean gain advantage on the shore, interchange of state, state itself confounded to decay
"ruin hath taught me thus to ruminate / that Time will come and take my love away / this thought is as a death, which cannot choose / but weep to have that which it fears to lose"
-prolepsis (anticipatory tears)
That time of year thou mayst in me behold
"death's second self, that seals up all in rest"
"this thou perceiv'st, which makes thy love more strong / to love that well which thou must leave ere long"
-temporality provides the ability to truly love something
They that have pow'r to hurt and will do none
"for sweetest things turn sourest by their deeds / lilies that fester smell far worse that weeds"
From you have I been absent in the spring
"nor did I wonder at the lily's white / nor praise the deep vermilion in the rose; / they were but sweet, but figures of delight / drawn after you, you pattern of all those"
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
"...love is not love / which alters when it alteration finds"
love bends not within the sickle of time
-it is an ever-fixed mark
-troubling; makes superhuman demands of lovers
"if this be error and upon me proved / I never writ, nor no man ever loved"
Poor soul, the center of my sinful earth
-worms eating up mansion, material things
-is this the end of man, to accumulate materials?
"so shalt thou feed on Death, that feeds on men, / and Death once dead, there's no more dying then"
-the soul strengthens itself on the body's getting old
My love is as a fever, longing still
reason, physician to love, prescriptions unkept, flees
-"desire is death"
"for i have sworn thee fair, and thought thee bright, / who are as black as hell, as dark as night"
John Donne - metaphysical
...
Holy Sonnets
...
At the round earth's imagine corners, blow
calling forth the numberless infinities of dead souls
let them sleep, Lord - teach me how to repent
Death be not proud, though some have called thee
death is slave to chance and dwells with sickness and war
"one short sleep past, we wake eternally, / and death shall be no more; Death, thou shalt die"
What if this present were the world's last night?
-picture of Christ crucified, "mark in my heart, O soul, where thou dost dwell" countenance can affright
-tears in eyes quench the amazing light
"to wicked spirits are horrid shapes assigned / this beauteous form assures a piteous mind"
Batter my heart, three-personed God; for You
"reason, your viceroy in me, me should defend"
"nor ever chaste, except You ravish me"
I am a little world made cunningly
burn me, O Lord, with a fiery zeal. all about burning
George Herbert
...
Prayer
strange, just a list of different things "the soul in paraphrase" "Christ-side-piercing-spear"
"the six-days' world transposing in an hour"
Jordan
-must poetry conform to an artful picture of reality, not to reality itself?
"Shepherds are honest people, let them sing:"
-attacks pastoral poetry, which was centered on erotic love
Redemption
"having been tenant long to a rich Lord"
tenant seeks out God in heaven, finds he's gone to earth, can't find him in resorts, finds him on cross
Virtues
for though must die
and thou must die
and all must die
then chiefly lives
The Pilgrimage
traveller sees various places "Cave of Desperation" "Rock of Pride"
Love
"and know you not who bore the blame? you must sit down and taste my meat"
The Sacrifice
tercet (triplet rhyme scheme) then refrain: "was ever grief like mine?"
-from the perspective of Christ
ends with never was grief like mine
Thomas Gray
...
Ode on a distant prospect of Eton College
tetrameter, trimeter, etc.
-young children bask in happy ignorance
the fury passions, black misfortune's baleful train
where ignorance is bliss, 'tis folly to be wise
-what is the meaning of life?
Elegy
"the curfew tolls the knell of parting day"
iambic pentameter
-rude forefathers of the hamlet
-perhaps in this neglected spot is laud some heart once pregnant with celestial fire
epitaph: no farther seek his merits to disclose...the bosom of his father and his God
Wordsworth
...
Tintern Abbey
blank verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter
-becomes important for Romantics after WW
"five years have past; five summers, with the length of five long winters!"
the Hermit, the burthen of the mystery, the still sad music of humanity, therefore am i still a lover of the woods
"until the breath of this corporeal farm and even the motion of our human blood almost suspended, we are laid asleep in body, and become a living soul"
-if we can remember specific moments in our past, we can become extremely creative
-answer to Eton College (what is meaning of life?) in being a creative human being (not transcendental)
She Dwelt Among the Untrodden Ways
Lucy, Dove
The World is Too Much With Us
A Pagan (Homer) suckled in a creed outworn
-old Triton blow his wreathed horn, sea that bares her bosom to the moon
ABBAABBACDCDCD
Resolution and Independence
iambic pentameter, rhyme royal (ABABBCC)
-Thomas Chatterton, the leech gatherer, moor
Ode: Imitations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood (Immortality Ode)
"child is father of the man"
very irregular rhyme scheme and line length
-Plato's Forms and Cave, as if his whole vocation were endless imitation
"to me the meanest flower that blows can give thoughts that often lie too deep for tears"
Keats
...
When I Have Fears
iambic pentameter
"fair creature of an hour" "then on the shore of the wide world I stand alone, and think / Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink"
prosopopeia=giving face to something (night)
On Sitting Down to Read King Lear Once Again
phoenix wings
Bright Star
would I were steadfast as thou art, pure ablution
"pillow'd upon my fair love's ripening breast"
La Belle Dame Sans Merci
four lines, last is very short
met a lady in the meads, faery's child
-she knows he's a human being and has messed up idea of sex
"La Belle Dame sans Merci hath thee in thrall!"
"though the sedge is wither'd from the lake, and no birds sing"
Ode to Psyche
"yes I will be thy priest"
addressing his own soul, if he can sing eros and psyche together, then he can be creative
Ode to a Nightingale
Lethe-wards, much suicide/desire to "fade away"
beauty cannot keep lustrous eyes, but to think is to be full of sorrow, the viewless wings of poesy, to thy high requiem become a sod, thou wast not born for death immortal bird, forlorn, do i wake or sleep
-nightingale is unaware of its own mortality
Ode on Melancholy
diff. forms of melancholy, darkest leads to suicide
-answer to nightingale, go not to Lethe
glut thy sorrow on a morning rose, feed deep deep upon her peerless eyes, strenuous tongue burst joy's grape against his palate fine
Ode on a Grecian Urn
"thou still unravish'd bride of quietness" urn is virginal
heard melodies are sweet but those unheard are sweeter
cloy'd = too much of a good thing
as we can't answer mysteries of universe, the urn teases
beauty is truth, truth beauty "beauty is a thing eternal"
To Autumn
summer o'erbrimmed their clammy cells, sitting careless on a granary floor, thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind, poppies, where are songs of spring? gathering swallows
Tennyson
...
Lady of Shalott
iambic tetrameter
there she weaves by night and day / a magic web with colors gay. / she has heard a whisper say, / a curse is on her if she stay / to look down on camelot
half sick of shadows
shalott/camelot refrain
Ulysses
iambic pentameter, Ulysses reflecting on journeys
Dante references
to strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield
Tithonus
mortal asks for eternal life but forgets eternal youth
if I be he that watched
Wallace Stevens
American poem, iambic pentameter no rhyme scheme
she says, why give bounty to the dead, chant in orgy on a summer morn (fascism)
-ends with pigeons, like swallows in To Autumn
Snow Man
3 line stanzas, snow
Eliot - Prufrock
soliloquy or dramatic monologue
musical rhyme, free verse
lots of anapestic feet followed by iambs
Preludes
the worlds revolve like ancient women / gathering fuel in vacant lots
Ash Wednesday
Because, renounces material world, redeem the time (Plato)
Oppen
Psalm - deer, the truth follows from the being of things
Ballad - wealth vs. poverty, poor lobsterman (leech gatherer)
an island has a public quality, what i like more than anything is to visit other islands... Donne
Of Being Numerous - short simple lines and paragraphs
the one in the many
Bronk
The World - I thought that you were an anchor in the drift of the world (Shakespeare, ever fixed mark)
About Dynamism, Desires, and Various Fictions - what I wanted to tell you, you to know
golden age, bronze age
Mind's Limitations are Its Freedoms - I stand in awe of the mind, no knowledge of the language
The Mask the Wearer of the Mask Wears