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The Nature of Science Vocabulary
Terms in this set (24)
To examine methodically by separating into parts and studying their interrelations.
A statement that tells what an investigation showed, based on observations and data.
A group in a scientific experiment that serves as a reference for comparison to the experimental group; a group that is untreated by the factor being tested.
A factor or condition in a scientific experiment that is purposefully kept the same.
Measurements or observations collected and recorded in an experiment or investigation.
Outcome variable. A factor, usually being measured or observed, that responds to, or depends on, another factor (test variable).
Evidence based on observations or experiments rather than theory.
A scientific test or procedure that is carried out under controlled conditions to answer a scientific question.
A statement that can be tested scientifically through experiments and/or other scientific investigations.
Test variable. The variable manipulated by the experimenter in order to study changes in the outcome variable.
An explanation based on evidence that is not directly observed.
An organized scientific study of the natural world that may include making systematic observations, asking questions, gathering information, analyzing data, summarizing results, drawing conclusions, and/or communicating results.
A replica or description designed to show the workings or structure of an object or system.
Information about the natural world gathered through the senses and/or scientific instruments.
To state what one thinks will happen under certain conditions based on data or observation.
Making multiple sets of measurements or observations in a scientific investigation.
The reproduction of a scientific investigation by another person to ensure accuracy.
A scientific principle based on many observations of naturally occurring events that demonstrate it to be without exception under certain stated conditions.
An explanation for some naturally occurring event developed from extensive observations, experimentation, and reasoning.
Observations obtained by following a preplanned method of observation.
The use of scientific knowledge and processes to solve practical problems.
Multiple sets of measurement or observations in a scientific investigation.
A term used to describe the certainty of data or results of an investigation or experiment.
An event, condition, or factor that can be changed or controlled in order to study or test a hypothesis in a scientific experiment.
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