AP Psychology Sensation & Perception Module 17
Terms in this set (7)
How does perceptual set relate to top-down processing
Perceptual set is a set of mental tendencies & assumptions that greatly affects what we percieve
How does the cartoon of the motorcycle officer on page 163 explain perceptual set?
They thought the man was a cop & that the hair dryer was a gun checking their speed
Give an example from the text & one from your own life of perceptual set
-We are more likely to enjoy fries if they are in a McDonalds bag
-Thinking a piece of fuzz on your desk is a bug
How do context effects relate to top-down processing?
-Hearing ¨eel on a wagon,¨ we assume wheel
-Hearing ¨eel on an orange,¨ we assume peel
How do our expectations, emotions, & motivations influence our perceptions?
-Our learned concepts(schemas) prime us to organize/interpret stimuli in certain ways
-Our physical/emotional context & our motivation can create expectations & color our interpretation of events & behaviors
-If something in context has a certain emotion attached to it, you always expect that
Describe the relationship between sensation & perception that underlies a belief in ESP
Controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input; includes telepathy(mind-to mind), clairvoyance(perceiving remote events communication) & precognition(perceiving future events)
Cite research from the text explaining the scientific opinion regarding the existence of ESP
96% of scientists are skeptical that paranormal phenomena exists