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78 terms

Religion Midterm 2

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Deborah
Judge and prophetess. Name means "Mother of Israel." Identified as Israel's founder.
The Song of Deborah
Second oldest passage in the Bible.
Ehud
Kills the Moabite King Eglon. The Israelites were rallied and invaded Moab and were successful.
Jephthah
Leads Israel to war against the Ammonites. Swears to God that he will sacrifice the first thing to come out of the gate when he gets home.
Samson
Nazarite who marries Philistine woman and wars against them when her family takes her back. Unclear whether or not he is a judge.
Betrayed by Delilah.
Delilah
Makes deal with Philistines to find source of Samson's strength.
Samuel
Last of the judges who anoints the first king of Israel. Son of Hannah. Replaces Eli.
Saul
First king of Israel. Anointed by Samuel. From the tribe of Benjamin. Kills himself.
David
Kills Goliath. Marries Saul's daughter Michal. Anointed by Samuel and becomes second king of Israel.
Jonathon
Son of Saul who dies in battle with him.
Hebron
David's first capital.
Michal
Daughter of Saul who marries David.
Goliath
Philistine warrior. Brought down by David who uses a sling. David then cuts off his head with his own sword.
Abiathar
Mushite Priest of Adonijah.
Adonijah
Proclaimed himself king after his father David. Opposed by Bathsheba and Solomon. Supported by his chief priest Abiathar and father's general over the people Israel, Joab.
Nathan
Prophet who backs Solomon for king instead of Adonijah.
Abishag
Most beautiful virgin in the kingdom brought to David. He cannot perform sexually with her, and can no longer be king.
Bathsheba
Wife or Uriah the Hittite who David gets pregnant. Mother of Solomon.
Uriah the Hittite
Husband of Bathsheba who David orders Joab to send to the front lines and have the rest of the Israelite army retreat.
Zadok
Aaronid priest of David and Solomon.
Absalom
Son of David and Gesherite princess. Kills his brother Amnon who raped Tamar. Betrays David by sleeping with his 10 concubines.
Amnon
Oldest son of David. Rapes his half sister Tamar and is killed by his brother Absalom.
Tamar
Daughter of David. Full sister of Absalom. Raped by half brother Amnon.
Solomon
Son of David and Bathsheba. Third King of Israel.
Baal Zebub
"Lord of the Flies" Deity worshipped in the Philistine city of Ekron.
Rehoboam
Eldest son of Solomon. Becomes the King of Judah when Israel rebels.
Jeroboam
Israelite officer from northern tribe who leads Israel's succession.
Ahab
Husband of Jezebel. King of Israel during the time of the prophet Elijah.
Jezebel
Wife of King Ahab. Oppressed the prophets of YHWH.
Elijah
Prophet during the time of King Ahab. Used for last public miracle at Mount Carmel.
Elisha
Prophet who succeeded Elijah.
Nebuchadnezzar
King of Babylonian empire who captured Judah and Jerusalem and sent the Jews into exile.
Cyrus
Founder of the Persian Empire who gave the Jewish exiles the right to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. Conquered Babylon and Egypt.
Ezra
Scribe, Aaronid Priest, and Jewish exile in Babylon. Appointed governor of Judah by the king of Persia.
Hezekiah
Great king of Judah. Rebels against Assyrian emperor Sennacherib. Pushed religious centralization. Removes high places. Even destroyed the Nehushtan.
Sennacherib
Assyrian Emperor who conquers Israel and most of Judah. Tries to take Jerusalem and defeat Hezekiah.
Isaiah
Used for last miracle in the Bible when he directs Hezekiah's shadow. Prophet.
Josiah
Considered greatest king of all for Judah. Removes high places. King when Hilkiah finds a book of the Torah.
Hilkiah
Mushite priest who finds a book of the Torah in the house of the Lord. Gives book to Shaphan to read to King Josiah.
Esther
Jewish girl taken by Ahasuerus King of Persia as a wife. Responsible for the salvation of the Jews from the hand of Haman.
Haman
Second in command to Ahasuerus. Convinces Ahasuerus to give him permission to destroy the Jews.
Mordecai
Uncle of Esther who refuses to bow down to Haman.
Ahasuerus
King of Persia who takes Esther as his wife.
Baruch ben Neriah
Scribe and disciple of the prophet Jeremiah.
Nehemiah
Closely involved in the affairs of Ezra. Helps in rebuilding Jerusalem.
Shishak
Egyptian king and supporter of Jeroboam. Captured Jerusalem, where he pillaged the temple and royal palace, and carried away Solomon's "shields of gold."
Jeremiah
Prophet who went with the people down to Egypt after Gedaliah was assassinated.
Huldah
Prophetess who is consulted concerning the book that Hilkiah finds. Prophesied the fall of Judah.
Naboth
Owner of a vineyard that King Ahab desires. Killed under the orders of Jezebel.
Gideon
Judge who leads Israel against Midianites. Asked to be king of Israel and refuses.
Jonathan son of Gershom
The first of the Danite Priesthood, and thought to be the grandson of Moses. (Thus, first of the Mushite priests.)
corvee
A type of forced labor. Solomon practiced this. (missim)
judge
Leaders in early Israel. Leaders before the Israelite kings. Usually military leaders.
nabi^
Prophet.
high place
Like a local sanctuary. People could sacrifice there instead of at the temple.
doublet
What a duplicated story is called in the Bible.
Nehushtan
Bronze snake made by Moses.
Documentary Hypothesis
Also called the Wellhuasen hypothesis, holds that the five books of moses was derived from originally independent parallel and complete narratives and combined by a serious of redactors.
Deuteronomistic History
Deuteronomy + the next 6 books.
Elijah
Prophet of Ahab.
Ahijah
Prophet of Jeroboam.
Samuel
Prophet of Saul.
Nathan
Prophet of David.
Huldah
Prophet of Josiah.
Isaiah
Prophet of Hezekiah.
Jeremiah
Prophet of Zedekiah.
Joab
General backing Adonijah. General of Israelite draft army.
Benaiah
General backing Solomon. General of professional army.
Anathoth
Where does Solomon banish Abiathar to?
Ishbaal
Son of Saul who is king of Israel in the North while David is king in the South.
Abner
General of Ishbaal who helped David gain control of Israel. Killed by Joab.
Cheretites and Peletites
Two groups making up the professional army of David.
Zedekiah
The last king of Judah.
Gedaliah
Appointed governor over the Jews by Nebuchadnezzar. His assassination leads to the exile.
Ezekiel
Prophet that went to Babylon during the exile.
Ezra
First to call the first five the "Five books of Moses."
Martin Noth
German scholar who proposed the seven book Deuteronomistic History.
Cross
Scholar who said Deuteronomistic History was written in 2 editions.