20 terms

Unit 2 - Ancient Mesopotamia

STUDY
PLAY
levee
a wall of earth built to prevent a river from flooding its banks
irrigation
a means of supplying water to an area of land
silt
a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
division of labor
the type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
city-state
an early city that was like a small, independent country with its own laws and government; it consisted of the city and the countryside around it
empire
land with different territories and peoples under a single rule
polytheism
the worship of many gods
priests
people who perform religious ceremonies
social hierarchy
the division of society by class or rank
pictograph
a picture symbol
scribe
a person who writes
cuneiform
the world's first system of writing; it used a stylus to make wedge-shaped symbols on clay tablets
epics
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
architecture
the science of building
ziggurat
a pyramid-shaped temple tower; an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower with outside staircases and a shrine at the top
Fertile Crescent
an arc-shaped region in Southwest Asia, with rich soil
cradle
Mesopotamia is often referred to as the __________ of civilization because it is the first place where complex urban centers grew.
Sargon
the Akkadian king who defeated all of the city-states of Sumer and established the world's first empire
Hammurabi
the greatest Babylonian monarch, famous for his Code of Laws
Sumer
The people of _____, called Sumerians, developed the world's first civilization
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
Click to see the original works with their full license.