ad hominem argument
an argument that appeals to emotion rather than reason
using the story as a symbol, usually for a moral truth or a generalization about human existence
direct or indirect reference: historical, mythological, religious, or literary
multiple meanings which could cause confusion or be unclear
a comparison or relationship between two different things
word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun
terse statement expressing a general truth or moral principle
emotional mood created by the entirety of the work
use of slang or informalities
non literal, implied and suggested meaning; not direct
literal dictionary meaning
author's word choice
more agreeable/less offensive wording
writing that is meant to be imaginative and vivid
traditions for each genre
deliberate exaggeration for effect
to draw reasonable conclusions from presented information.
emotionally violent, verbal attack using strong, abusive language
contrast between what appears to be and what is
words that literally state the opposite of the true meaning
events turn out the opposite of what is expected
when the audience knows more than the characters
grammatical formatting of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity
scholarly or bookish
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