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Music Hum Midterm
Terms in this set (37)
a sound of a certain definite pitch and duration; the written sign for such a sound in musical notation; a key pressed with the finger on a piano or organ
The quality of "highness" or "lowness" of sound; also applied ("a pitch") to any particular pitch
level. Low pitches (low frequencies) result from long vibrating elements, high pitches from short ones—a
trombone sounds lower than a flute. Frequency is the rate of sound vibration.
"pitch range," i.e., the total span from the lowest to the highest pitch in a piece, a part, or a
the simultaneous sounding of different pitches or chords; when the different instruments
sound together creating a harmony
a grouping of three or more pitches/notes played and heard simultaneously at one point
chords that sound relatively stable and free of tension, as opposed to dissonance.
chords that sound relatively tense and unstable, in opposition to consonance
a succession of pitches/notes in time; also applied as "a melody" to any particular succession of
pitches; keyword here being succession
Simple, often song-like, melody that is easy to remember. Divided into phrases.
A section of a melody or a tune.
Distinctive melodic fragment that occurs repeatedly during a piece of music.
Melody that is used as the basis for a long composition.
The blend of the various sounds and melodic lines occurring simultaneously in a piece of music
is the term for the simplest texture, a single unaccompanied melody; as in Gregorian chant; as opposed to polyphony
A musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest, combined with chords or other subsidiary sounds
Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously; as opposed to homophony or monophony
A polyphonic musical texture in which the various melodic lines use approximately the same themes; as opposed to non-imitative polyphony
A polyphonic musical texture in which the melodic lines are essentially different from one another; as opposed to imitative polyphony
the technique of writing two or more melodies that fit together
The aspect of music having to do with the duration of the notes in time; the general way music unfolds in time; "a rhythm"—in a specific way, refers to the actual arrangement of durations in a particular musical passage or composition; rhythms occur within the beats of a meter; because
rhythm is the placement of sounds within the beat, the speed of a rhythm is dictated by the speed of
the tempo. Meter provides the framework within which rhythms arrange themselves.
Beats or pulses
The regular pulse underlying most music; To beat time, then, is not only to measure time according to a regular pulse but also to organize it, at least into these simple two-and three-beat patterns.
The stressing of a note - for example, by playing it somewhat louder than the surrounding notes.
A background of stressed and unstressed beats in a simple, regular, repeating pattern; a recurring pattern of strong and weak beats.
The unit of meter, consisting of a principal strong beat and one or more weaker ones.
The beats are grouped in twos (one two | one two) or in fours (one two three four | one two three four).
The beats are grouped in threes (one two three | one two three).
The speed of music, i.e., tempo is the rate at which the basic, regular beats of the meter follow one another. When a tempo speeds up gradually, it is called accelerando. The gradual relaxing of the tempo is called ritardando.
A mechanical or electrical device that ticks out beats at any desired tempo. While the metronome provides accurate measuring, tempo expresses approximate measuring. Tempo can express mood. Meanings of Italian words for indicating common: vivace is close to our "vivacious,"
allegro means "cheerful," and andante, derived from the Italian word for "go," might be translated as
"walking along steadily."
on the slow side, but not too slow
on the fast side, but not too fast
Multi-part music; Block-chords (homorhythm) or Melody &
Multi-part music; Imitative or non-imitative
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