Upgrade to remove ads
Psych Exam 2
Terms in this set (44)
memory loss for a segment of the past but not for new events.
a type of effortful retrieval that occurs when we are confident that we know something but cannot quite recall it.
remembering information about doing something in the future, includes memory for intentions.
loss of memory
a memory disorder that affects the retention of new information and events.
the memory of emotionally significant events that people often recall with more accuracy and vivid imagery than everyday events.
the memory process that occurs when information that was retained in memory comes out of storage (via serial position effect, recognition, autobiographical, flash bulb, repression/motivated forgetting).
forgetting that occurs when something is so painful or anxiety laden that remembering it is intolerable.
the theory that people forget not because memories are lost from storage but because other information gets in the way of what they want to remember.
the conscious recollection of information, such as specific facts or events and, at least in humans, information that can be verbally communicated.
a person's knowledge about the world (ie. areas of expertise)
a pre-existing mental concept or framework that helps people to organize and interpret information.... Like for a spatial layout or experience (restaurant previously visited). Schemas from prior encounters with the environment influence the way we code, make inferences about and retrieve information.
memory for skills (texting via non-conscious skill set, driving a car)
the first step in memory; the process by which information gets into memory storage (via attention, deep levels of processing, elaboration, mental imagery).
Levels of Processing
a continuum of memory processing from a shallow to intermediate to deep, with deeper processing producing better memory.
very rich in detail but we lose information quickly unless we use strategies to transfer into short term memory.
Short Term Memory
limited capacity memory system in which information is usually retained for only as long as 30 seconds unless we use strategies to retain it longer.
the retention of information over time and how this information is represented in memory (via : sensory, short-term and long term memory).
is the tendency of animals to revert to instinctive behavior that interferes with learning
is the species specific biological predisposition to learn in certain ways and not others.
is a consequence that decreases the likelihood that a behavior will occur.
is unreinforced learning that is not immediately reflected in behavior.
is the process in classical conditioning by which a conditioned response can recur after a time delay, without further conditioning
-Aka instrumental conditioning is a form of associative learning in which the consequences of a behavior change the probability of the behavior's occurrence.
-Law of effect /Thorndike's law states that behaviors followed by positive outcomes are strengthened and that behaviors followed by negative outcomes are weakened.
the learned response to the conditioned stimulus that occurs after conditioned stimulus-unconditioned stimulus pairing
is the initial learning of the connection between the unconditioned stimulus and the conditioned stimulus when these two stimuli are paired.
is an unlearned reaction that is automatically elicited by the unconditioned stimulus.
a stimulus that produces a response without prior learning
is a learning process in which a neutral stimulus becomes associated with a meaningful stimulus and acquires the capacity to elicit a similar response. (Pavlov/dogs)
Organisms learn the association between two stimuli
takes place when a person observers and imitates another's behavior.
learning is learning that occurs when we make a connection, or an association between two events. (Classical Conditioning + Operant Conditioning)
is a theory of learning that focuses solely on observable behaviors, discounting the importance of such mental activity as thinking, wishing and hoping.
are psychoactive drugs that include caffeine and nicotine, amphetamines and cocaine, which increase the nervous system's activity.
an altered state of consciousness or a psychological state of altered attention and expectation in which the individual is unusually receptive to suggestions.
4 steps = 1. minimize distractions , 2. have person concentrate on "something"
3. informs the person what to expect in the hypnotic state (ie relaxation)
4. suggest certain events that or feelings he or she knows will occur ("your eyes are growing tired")
are psycho actives that slow down mental and physical activity (alcohol, barbiturates, tranquilizers, opiates)
Activation Synthesis Theory
states that dreaming occurs when the cerebral cortex synthesizes neural signals generated from activity in the lower brain and that dreams result from the brain's attempts to find logic in random brain activity that occurs during sleep
is a small structure in the brain uses input from the retina to synchronize its own rhythm with the daily clock of light and dark; the body's way of monitoring the change from day to night.
are daily behavioral or physiological cycles that involve the sleep/wake cycle, body temperature, blood pressure and blood sugar level.
are states of consciousness that require little attention and do not interfere with other ongoing activities. Automatic processes require less conscious effort than controlled processes.
is an individual's awareness of external events and internal sensations under a condition of arousal, including awareness of the self and thoughts about one's experiences.
Stream of Consciousness-William James
term used by William James to describe the mind as a continuous flow of changing sensations, images, thoughts and feelings.
include opium and its derivative drugs that depress the central nervous system's activities and eliminate pain
Divided Consciousness View
Proposed by Hilgard that hypnosis involves a splitting of consciousness into two separate components, one of which follows the hypnotist's commands and the other acts as a "hidden" observer.
Characterized by rapid eye movements (REM), high arousal, frequent dreaming.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Intro to Psychology Part 2
Psychology Exam 3 Unit 5
Memory & Learning
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Ch. 12 & 13
Ch. 6, 7 & 8
Ch. 10 & 11
Ch.1-5 and 9
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
PT in CT
Managing Property and Liability Risk Chapter 10
BLS 442 Chapter 38: Other organizational forms for…