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Cell Organelles: Animal Cell
Terms in this set (31)
"Small organs" of the cell that carry out specific functions
"Cell highway", transports goods and materials throughout the cell. There are two types: smooth ER and rough ER.
Packages the proteins so the cell can use these macromolecules in or out of the cell.
Gives support and protection to cell; only in plant cells ( and many bacteria do have this structure.) Rigid outer layer that provides support & protection for the plant.
"Border control", controls what comes in and out of the cell; maintains homeostasis
Found ONLY in plant cells. Where photosynthesis occurs.
Supplies energy or ATP for the cell through cell respiration using glucose ( a carbohydrate: sugar and oxygen)
Found in ALL eukaryotic cells ( animal/plant/ fungi/paramecium) . It houses the DNA ( genetic material) of the cell.
Plant cells have large one to store water and food
In both plant AND animal cells; allows things to enter or exit the cell
Synthesizes (makes) protein
Jelly-like substance the cell organelles float in
Membrane which surrounds and protects the nucleus
Structures found in the nucleus, contains DNA
Structure similar to the Rough ER, except it lacks ribosomes. It transports materials like proteins and lipids around the cell
small organelles filled with enzymes to get rid of cell waste.
The tangled collection of DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. Only when a cell is getting ready to divide does this condense & become chromosomes.
When a cell is getting ready to divide, the chromatin condenses to form these.
This organelle is found in the center of the nucleus. It is where ribosomes are made.
A network of protein filaments that helps the cell to maintain its shape.
These are whip-like structures ( but longer than cilia) used for movement
One type of cell that lack a nucleus. The organisms that we call bacteria are this type of cell.
One type of cell that does contain a nucleus. These are generally larger & more complex than prokaryotic cells. Examples are cells of: Animal, plant, fungi (mushrooms, protists ( paramecium)
Coined the term, cell, after looking through a microscope at cork.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
The first person to discover, bacteria. He called these animalcules.
Cell Theory: All plants are made up of plant cells.
Cell Theory: All animals are made up of animal cells.
Cell Theory: Only new cells could be produced from pre-existing cells.
Endoplasmic Reticulum that have ribosomes 'stuck' it. it transports materials such as proteins around the cell
Tangled DNA found in the nucleus of the cell. Only when a cell starts to divide does it condense to form chromosomes.
Longer whip-like structures used for movement
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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