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___ ___ is the process by which DNA directs protein synthesis, includes two stages: transcription and translation
In 1909, British physician Archibald ___ first suggested that genes dictate phenotypes through enzymes that catalyze specific chemical reactions
Linking genes to enzymes required understanding that cells synthesize and degrade molecules in a series of steps, a ___ ___
gene, enzyme hypothesis
George Beadle and Edward Tatum developed a one ___- one ____ ___, which states that each gene dictates production of a specific enzyme ( now known as one gene- one protein hypothesis)
The DNA sequence where RNA polymerase attaches is called the ___; In bacteria, the sequence signaling the end of transcription is called the ___
initiation, elongation, termination
During synthesis of an RNA transcript: the 3 stages of transcription are- (in order)
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