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Science 8th Grade Ch. 5-7
Terms in this set (44)
The earliest human records date back to about when?
5000 years ago
Geologically, the term stratum refers to what?
A layer of rock
Scientists who study layers of rocks and their relationships are working in a field called what?
Circular reasoning is a logical error committed by scientists who.....
Use index fossils to date
A creationary scientist's explanation for what caused the extinction of the wooly mammoths includes all of the following except:
lack of food,
or dust storms
Sea floor spreading is thought to be driven by the movement of what?
The (blank) hypothesis has been developed by secular scientists to deacribe how our solar system came into existence
The (blank) was the most significant physical event in the earths history other than creation
(blank) occurs when one tectonic plate slides beneath another, often forming a trench.
theoretical global sea
"year of the earth"
"year of the lord"
What are three main potential explanations for the origin of the earth, and which is the only one acceptable to a Christian?
the nebular hypothesis, framework hypothesis, and God creating the earth. The only one acceptable to christians is God creating the earth.
which of these can cause an earthquake:
slipping of a fault,
eruption of a volcano,
or all of these
all of these
what is the major difference between a fault and a joint?
Faults involve visible movement of rocks but joints do not.
Which of these statements is true:
a locked fault must be a dip slip fault,
a reverse fault is a type of dip slip fault,
a normal fault is a type of strike slip fault,
or a transform fault is a type of dip slip fault
a reverse fault is a type of dip slip fault
Rayleigh waves and Love waves are both examples of...
the type of stress that is most significant in causing earthquakes is (blank) stress
at least (blank) seismic stations are needed to pinpoint an earthquakes epicenter
a transform fault
the fastest body wave
a body wave that cannot travel through earth's core
the center of earthquakes activity
the point of earth's surface above center of earthquakes activity
the energy of an earthquake
used to express an earthquakes magnitude
the highest mountain in the world is
Mountains can be:
or all of these
all of these
What type of mountain is predominant in Sierra Nevada range?
the major differnce between a mountain and a hill is their....
a (blank) is a trough like fold of rock strata
a (blank) is a large area of flat elevated land
mountain is to hill as messa is to...
Kames and eskers are both made up of glacial....
changes in which two factors cause the extreme changes in biomes as you climb to the summit of a tall mountain?
tempature and precipitation
arch of rock layers
trough of rock layers
sunken rock layers caused by emptied magma chamber
extinct underwater volcano
flat topped hill with steep sides
ridges deposited by glaciers
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