31 terms

WWII

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Battle of Britain
Hitler changed his "bombing targets" during this crucial battle during World War 2 and commited a major blunder. Rather than destroy the British Air Force and radar stations he decided to bomb english cities.
Battle of the Bulge
Germany's last attempt to prolong the war, but they run out of materials. This battle was the defeat of Hitler, and gave Allies full victory.
Blitzkrieg
"Lighting war", type of fast-moving warfare used by German forces during the invasion of Poland.
Buzz Bombs
German cruise missile often called the propellar missiles they fire from France and they would drop into the English Channel near Britain..deadly accurate.
Charles DeGaulle
French General who Led the French resistance. Organized the Free French military forces that battled the Nazis until France was liberated in 1944.
Coral Sea
This Pacidic naval battle resulted in a draw and was the first time the United States stopped the Japanese expansion of their empire.
D-Day
Allied troops landed along a French coastline to fight Nazi Germany on the beaches of Normandy, France. More than 5,000 Ships and 13,000 aircraft supported the invasion, and by day's end on June 6, the Allies gained a foot- hold in Normandy.
Erwin Rommel
Led German and Italian armies and attacked British occupied Egypt and the Suez Canal for the second time; were defeated at the Battle of El Alamein; was moved to France to oversee the defenses before D-Day; tried to assassinate Hitler.
Herman Goering
this man was the commander of the german air force and one of Hitler's best friends
Hiroshima
City in Japan, the first to be destroyed by an atomic bomb, on August 6, 1945. The bombing hastened the end of World War II. (p. 797)
Home Front
Covers the activities of the civilians in a nation at war. Was a significant part of the war effort for all participants and had a major impact on the outcome of the war
Island Hopping
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others
Lend Lease
allowed sales or loans of war materials to any country who the president deems vital to the defense of the U.S
Luftwaffe
German Air Force
Maginot Line
Line of defense built by France to protect against German invasion. Stretched from Belgium to Switzerland.
Midway
This was the first defeat of the Japanese navy by the U.S. and led to the sinking of 3 Japanese air craft carriers. It was important because it stopped the Japanese expansion in the Pacific.
Nagasaki
This Japanese city was devastated during World War II when the United States dropped the second atomic bomb on Aug 8th, 1945.
Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
Pact by Hitler and Joseph Stalin. The pact publicly stated intentions were a guarantee of non-belligerence by either party towards the other, and a commitment that neither party would ally with or aid an enemy of the other party. Pact was broken once Germany invaded Russia.
Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, and 1937
US's saying, if there is any conflict in the world, we will not get involved.
Normandy
Beach in France Allies Invaded, Codenamed Operation Overlord, it was the long awaited Allied invasion of France and the opening of the Second Front during World War II. The initial invasion began on June 6, 1944.
Operation Barbarossa
Codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II -- led to USSR joining the Allies
Pearl Harbor
Surprise attack by the Japanese on the main U.S. Pacific Fleet. In response, the U.S. declared war on Japan and Germany, entering World War II.
Polish Corridor
The strip of Poland that the Germans wanted to take, specifically Danzig.
R.A.F.
Britain's Royal Air Force
Stalingrad
was the turning point in the war between Germany and the Soviet Union.
Tripartite Pact
Signed between the Axis powers in 1940 (Italy, Germany and Japan). They all help eachother out.
V-2
German rocket propelled bombs that could travel over the English Channel; more psychological than effective
V-E Day
May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered
Vichy French
part of French gov. that allied with the Axis Powers, attacked American forces during Operation Torch of North Africa at Algiers, 7000 casualties
V-J Day
"Victory over Japan day" is the celebration of the Surrender of Japan, which was initially announced on August 15, 1945
Winston Churchill
British Prime Minister who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.