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Apraxia, Aphasia, Agnosia
Terms in this set (35)
acquired impairment in language
inability to understand language
trouble producing language (no syntax, etc)
non-fluent speech, intact comprehension, poor repetition, poor naming
transcortical motor aphasia
nonfluent speech, intact comprehension, intact repetition, poor naming
caused with internal arcuate watershed (infarction in fibers)
nonfluent speech, poor comprehension, poor repetition, poor naming.
mixed transcortical aphasia
nonfluent speech, poor comprehension, intact repetition, poor naming
fluent speech, intact comprehension, poor repetition, poor naming.
fluent speech, intact comprehension, intact repetition, poor naming.
fluent speech, poor comprehension, poor repetition, poor naming
Transcortical sensory aphasia
fluent speech, poor comprehension, intact repetition, poor naming.
Pure word deafness
Comes from loss of wernicke's area on both sides of the brain. Produces ability to produce environmental sounds but no ability to hear words.
pure word muteness
non-fluent speech with normal comprehension and writing.
Left parietal syndrome at superior temporal/inferior parietal junction
causes agraphia, finger agnosia, right/left disorientation, dyscalculia
Angular Gyrus Syndrome
Left Parietal syndrome in temporal lobe
Causes anomia, alexia, agraphia, R/L disorientation, finger agnosia, constructional apraxia
Cortical Sensory Loss
causes 2 pt discrimination loss, agraphasthesia, abaragnosia, astereognosis.
can't detect the direction something moves across your skin
can't detect how heavy something is
cant identify an item by touch
impairment in execution of actions not explained by weakness, sensory impairment or coordination. (No goal directed movement can be done or executive functions)
mostly to do with limbs, can't touch the thumb to the fingers rapidly.
(more parietal near sensorimotor cortex)
Often present with slurred speech, tested by asking patient to lick their lips and puff up their cheeks.
clumsy actions when writing or eating with utensils
(between meliokinetic and ieational)
have trouble preforming sequenced activities. (farthest back near the cerebellum in occipital lobe)
unable to identify an object based on sight despite being able to describe texture color and shape.
can't identify an object with vision but can identify using the other senses.
(see the door, window, and wall but not the building)
unable to identify familiar faces (including their own face)
cant see colors (can come from peripheral cone damage as well)
loss of motion detection (can't see coffee mug filling up)
(can't see you if you stop moving)
Depth perception impairment
persistence of previously seen object
all visual info makes it into the occipital cortex but can't be processed. usually comes with bilateral temporal lesions that prevent information from traveling back to occipital lobe from the temporal lobe.
parietal damage that causes complete neglect of tactile, auditory, visual, or motor input usually on one side.
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