LONG TERM MEMORY
" Declarative memory: (explicit) "knowing what," memory of facts and events that can be consciously recalled ("declared"), consists of info that is explicitly stored and retrieved... (episodic memory and semantic memory)
" EXAMPLE: recalling information for a test, knowing when your favorite place is open/closed, intersection of street
" Procedural memory: (implicit) "knowing how," unconscious memory of skills and how to do things, i.e. The use of objects or movements of the body, acquired through repetition and practice, carry out ordinary motor actions automatically
" EXAMPLE: tying shoelaces, riding bike, playing a guitar
An individualist values independence while a collectivist values interdependence. An individualist promotes personal ideas, autonomy, remaining "unique" as means of success (a unique identity) which should lead to individual achievement. Psychologically, this would reflect someone whose internal state and schemas center mostly around themselves as their actions as opposed to the role they play within an interpersonal system like society.
Collectivism, on the other hand, work towards societal goals and achievements, which leads to group identities and achievement being reached by mutual support. Connections, harmony, and social networks are vital to a person's inner psyche and the ways in which they conduct their life. The difference lies in the values that are being promoted, and whether a person views the world through their individual actions (individualist) or their group, social actions (collectivist).