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The complete genetic material contained in an individual. In Eukaryotes; divided into chromosomes
The chromatin is arranged into these in eukaryotic cells. Enable cell to pack a lot of DNA into small space
Sequence of events in which a cell prepares to divide (interphase), divides genetic material (mitosis), or divides its cytoplasm (cytokinesis)
G 1 Phase
During Interphase of mitosis, this is the primary growth stage. The cell grows, carries out basic functions, and produces molecules needed to build new organelles and other things it will need if it divides
G 0 Phase
During Interphase of mitosis, a cell here continues to function, but does not replicate DNA or divide. Most cells in body are in this stage. Brain cells permanently are (=no reproducing brain cells)
During Interphase of mitosis, the cell here replicates its genetic material. At the end, each chromosome consists of two attached sister chromatids
G 2 Phase
During Interphase of mitosis, the cell here prepares to divide, producing the proteins that will coordinate the movements of the chromosomes during mitosis. DNA winds up tightly and condensation begins
There are two of these structures and they organize the protein subunits of the mitotic spindle
In this stage of Mitosis, chromosomes condense, the nucleus disassembles, and the mitotic spindle forms.
In this stage of Mitosis, the nuclear envelope breaks up and moves out of the way and spindle fibers attatch to kinetochores
In this stage of Mitosis, spindle fibers align replicated chromosomes down the cell's equator
In this stage of Mitosis, the chromatids of each replicated chromosome separate, sending a complete set of genetic instructions to each end of the cell
The physical separation of the two daughter cells, usually beginning in anaphase or telophase.
This indention around the equator of the cell forms during cytokinesis of an animal cell, indicating the coming separation
This separation between the daughter cells of a plant marks where a new cell wall will form
These occur during the cell cycle and allow the cell to ensure that each stage of the cell cycle is complete before the next begins. Either the cycle moves one, repairs are made, or apoptosis is induced
DNA sequences at the ends of chromosomes that track the number of divisions a cell has undergone. When these become very short, division ceases. Failure to shorten and divide can lead to cancer
This kind of tumor infiltrates nearby tissues and metastasizes if it reaches the bloodstream
This harmful cell as an altered surface, lost specialization, no contact inhibition, and divides uncontrollably
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