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a form of culture characterized by cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology
a period in human history, beginning around 3000 B.C. in some areas, during which people began using bronze, rather than copper or stone, to fashion tools and weapons
the development of skills in a particular kind of work, such as trading or record keeping
an arc of rich farmland in Southwest Asia, between the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea
a legendary king of Mesopotamia whose adventures are detailed in one of the world's earliest works of literature
the age of this refers to the time that established that there were people in northern China 500,000 years ago
largely shaped the Chinese civilization and this ruled for 500 years and was the first family of rulers to leave written records
one of the animal bones or tortoise shells used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods
after an invasion of nomads from the north, this dynasty fell from power but pretended to rule from the city of Luoyang for another 500 years, overthrew Shang dynasty around 1027 B.C.
a political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
people who spoke related languages that form the basis of a family of languages spoken by half of the current world population
a poem with 106,000 verses and is the longest poem ever composed, tells the story of a great battle between two groups of cousins
what Hindus believed is the good and bad deeds that a person engages in over one or more lifetimes
the state of perfect contentment that results from perfect understanding frees one from all suffering in the Buddhist faith
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