Holt Social Studies United States History Chapter 5
Terms in this set (36)
Written in 1215, a charter of liberties agreed to by King John of England, it made the kind obey the same laws as the citizens.
A set of basic principles that determines the powers and duties of a government.
English Bill of Rights
Passed in 1689, these are laws protecting the rights of English subjects and Parliament.
A philosophical movement that emphasized the use of reason to examine old ideas and traditions.
Virginia Statue for Religious Freedom
Written in 1786, a document that gave people in Virginia freedom of worship and prohibited tax money from being used to fund churches.
the right to vote
Articles of Confederation
Written in 1777, the document that created the first central government for the United States, but was later replaced by the Constitution.
an official approval.
Land Ordinance of 1787
legislation passed by Congress authorizing surveys and the division of public lands
Northwest Ordinance of 1785
legislation passed by Constitution to establish a political structure for the Northwest Territory and create a system for the admission of new states.
lands including present-day Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin; organized by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.
a tax on imports and exports
trade between two or more states
increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
Revolutionary War officer who led Shay's Rebellion, an uprising of farmers in western Massachusetts that shut down the courts so that farmers would not lose their farms for tax debts. He was defeated and condemned to death, but pardoned.
a steep drop in economic activity combined with rising unemployment.
an uprising of Massachusetts's farmers, led by Daniel Shays, to protest high taxes, heavy debt, and farm foreclosures.
(1787) a meeting held in Philadelphia in which delegates from the states wrote the Constitution.
American statesman, he was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, the 4th president of the United States, the author of some of the Federalist papers, and is called the Father of the Constitution.
the plan for which the government proposed at the Constitutional Convention in which the national government would have supreme power with representation determined by state population.
New Jersey Plan
a proposal to create a unicameral legislation with equal representation between the states, other then representation based on population.
an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention establishing that a state's population would determine the number of reps in the lower house of legislature, while each state would have equal reps in the upper house of legislature.
an agreement worked out at the Constitutional Convention that only 3/5 of the slaves in a state would count when determining a state's population for representation in the lower house of Congress
the idea that political authority belongs to the people
US system of government in which power is distributed between a central and individual states.
the division the government that proposes bills and passes them into laws
the division of the federal government that includes the president and the administrative departments, enforces the laws
the division of federal government that is made up of the national courts, interprets laws, punishes criminals, and settles dispute between states.
checks and balances
a system established by the Constitution that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful
people who opposed ratification of the Constitution, felt a Bill of Rights was needed.
American Patriot who became an Antifederalist and refused to sign the constitution, he believed the constitution needed a section to protect ones individual rights.
people who supported the ratification of the constitution; felt a bill of rights wasn't needed because they believed the constitution itself acted as a bill of rights
a series of essays anonymously published under the name Publius that defended and explained the Constitution and tried to reassure Americans that the states would not be overpowered by the opposed national government.
official change, correction, or addition to a law or a constitution
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments to the constitution, ratified in 1791
Federalist papers published under this name