Terms in this set (27)
measures air pressure
high speed winds about 10 km above Earth
instrument that measures air temperature
air movement caused by differences in air pressure
flow of air from land to a body of water; caused by the land being colder than the ocean at night.
instrument used to measure wind speed
flow of air from a body of water to land; caused by the ocean being colder than the land during the day.
the Earth's rotation makes winds curve
increased cooling that a wind can cause by removing body heat.
winds that blow over short distances
winds that blow over long distances
has wavelengths that are longer than visible light and can be felt as heat
steady winds that flow toward the equator
areas of low pressure and calm air at the equator
Winds are caused by air moving from an area of _________ pressure to _________ pressure.
Winds are powered by __________________.
the sun, solar power, solar energy, thermal energy, infrared radiation ( all of these describe how the Earth's surface is heated).
What causes these differences in air pressure?
The uneven heating of the Earth's surface.
Examples of local winds.
land breezes, sea breezes, mountain waves
Examples of global winds.
trade winds, polar easterlies, prevailing westerlies, doldrums, jet stream
global winds that blow from the east to the west and are located between 60 and 90 degrees latitude
global winds that blow from the west toward the east and are located between 30 and 60 degrees latitude
Which heats up faster during the day? land or water
Which cools faster at night? land or water
more dense, high pressure, sinks
less dense, low pressure, rises
angle of the sunlight
responsible for the differences in the amount of solar energy (heat) that parts of Earth's surface receive
a global wind belt