Tobacco--> Cancer, CV disease, COPD, infant deaths due to low birthweight, accidental fires
Poor diet & physical inactivity --> Leads to obesity, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, cancer
Alcohol consumption --> Car crashes, chronic liver diseases, cirrhosis, home injuries, drownings, fire fatalities, job injuries, cancer, underage drinking.
Education --> Informs public about healthy and unhealthy behavior
Regulation --> Warranted when its intent is to restrain people from harming others. Laws against murder/assault, traffic reg, restriction of alcohol, drugs, tobacco, laws to prevent minors from unhealthy behaviors, vaccination laws. sexual behavior is hard to regulate
Prohibition --> against drugs such as heroin, marijuana, cocaine. Expensive, empowers criminals, sends thousands to prison for minor offenses.
Addresses special medical and/or health needs associated with specific ethnic groups.
Infant mortality rates, cancer, CV disease, diabetes, HIV infection, immunizations
Health disparities: differences among populations in health status, behvior, and outcomes due to gender, income, education, geographic location, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity.