Terms in this set (52)
something that is unusual or unexpected
ex: The student's poor performance on the latest test was an anomaly since she had previously earned excellent grades.
not easily understood or explained
ex: Politicians have been known to provide equivocal answers to reporters' questions.
very clear and easy to understand
ex: The lecture was lucid and straightforward, allowing students to fully grasp the concepts presented.
to cause (something) to happen quickly or suddenly
ex: Unforeseen costs can precipitate a budget crisis.
to make (an unpleasant feeling) less intense
ex: A massage can assuage the soreness in your muscles.
having or showing great knowledge
ex: High school students often struggle with novels that are more erudite than they are entertaining.
not able to be seen through; not easily understood
ex: Medical jargon includes many opaque terms like macrosomic, which describes a newborn who weighs more than 4,000 grams.
ex: The prodigal prince bought lavish gifts and planned expensive events.
a person of thing that is mysterious, puzzling or difficult to understand
ex: Scientists continue to research cancer to solve the enigma of its primary cause, which will hopefully lead to a cure.
intensely enthusiastic or passionate
ex: The child showed a fervid fascination for superheroes, pouring over comic books for hours.
to make (someone) less angry or hostile
ex: A parent may decide to placate a baby with a pacifier.
a strong feel of interest and enthusiasm that makes someone very eager or determined to do something
ex: The great emperor's crusading zeal led him to conquer many lands.
to restrain oneself for doing or enjoying something
ex: Doctors encourage their patients to abstain from smoking cigarettes.
a willingness to take bold risks
showing lack of respect
ex: The new CEO pursued audacious initiatives to save the company from bankruptcy
ex: The student's audacious remark earned her a seat in afternoon detention.
remove the moisture from (something)
ex: The heat and energy from the sun can desiccate even the most hearty plants.
easily persuaded to believe something
ex: The gullible little boy gave his older sister all of his allowance because she told him she would buy a pony for him.
deserving praise and commendation
ex: Providing affordable healthcare for all citizens is a laudable goal.
a person who makes an excessive display of learning.
ex: Professor Blackwell, a well-known pedant, required his pre-med students to speak in Latin throughout the entire semester.
to waver between different opinions or actions
ex: Undergraduate students often vacillate among various majors before deciding which degree to pursue.
to make (something) impure or weaker by adding something of inferior quality
ex: Many chefs use fresh produce and refuse to adulterate their dishes with canned ingredients.
given to sudden changes of mood or behavior
ex: The capricious supervisor would hand out raises one day and fire his entire staff the next.
to produce, cause, or give rise to (something)
ex: Political debates can engender controversy regarding the subjects discussed.
of the same or similar kind
ex: There are very few truly homogenous cultures since social diversity is increasingly widespread.
tending to talk a great deal
ex: The loquacious professor was known for his five-hour lectures.
dealing with the problems that exist in a reasonable and logical way instead of depending on theories
ex: A pragmatic approach to legislation can be difficult given the complexities of politics.
likely to change rapidly and unpredictably
ex: It is possible for a country's political climate to remain volatile for decades.
lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
ex: Political parties try to engage young voters who are more prone to apathy than older citizens.
to confirm or make more certain
ex: The scientist was able to corroborate his hypothesis with data gathered from multiple sources.
lasting for a very short time
ex: An ephemeral moment of victory may last mere seconds, bit it can remain as a triumphant memory for decades.
using few words
ex: The student's laconic response suggested that she did not know very much about the topic the professor was discussing.
make less severe, serious or painful
ex: We want to mitigate students' GRE stress by offering helpful study tools.
the state or quality of being correct of proper
The students were instructed to behave with the utmost propriety while on their class field trip.
publicly recommend or support
ex: The governor chose to advocate for a higher minimum wage rather than a tax incentive.
a harsh, unpleasant mixture of sounds
ex: The cacophony of the middle school band warming up was nearly unbearable for the audience.
cause (someone or something) to feel drained of energy; weaken
ex: The boxer used a swift left uppercut to the jaw to enervate his opponent.
innocent and unsuspecting
ex: The scam artist preyed on ingenuous nursing home residents.
a person who dislikes humankind
ex: The neighborhood misanthrope surrounded his yard with barbed wire to keep people away.
a statement that contradicts itself but might be true
ex: The fact that the retired teacher claimed to hate all pets but adopted seven cats is an intriguing paradox.
regard with great respect
ex: To venerate the fire chief's forty years of service, the department held a special banquet.
a strong feeling of dislike
ex: The students voiced their antipathy for homework very loudly.
to express contempt for; ridicule
ex: The unreasonable supervise was known to deride his employees on a daily basis.
a speech that praises someone, typically some who has recently died
ex: The rabbi's eulogy was both heartfelt and inspiring.
ex: It's not uncommon to feel lethargic for weeks or even months after major surgery.
stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion
ex: The obdurate three-year old refused to eat any vegetables, no matter how they were prepared.
seeking to promote the welfare of others
ex: The students were grateful to receive financial support from philanthropic organizations that promote education.
to go back and forth between choices or opinions.
ex: Some citizens vote solely among party lines and never waver in their political decisions.
to support or strengthen
ex: The prosecutor worked to find evidence that would bolster her case against the defendant.
a lack of harmony or agreement
ex: The school board's meeting lasted for hour die to the length debate fueled by dissonance among opinions.
ex: The garrulous hair stylist talked to each customer for hours at a time.
easily influenced; pliable
ex: Children's moods are often malleable since children are greatly affected by their surroundings.
excessive display of wealth
ex: Owning a mansion doesn't imply ostentation, but traveling exclusively by private jet certainly can.
avoid telling the truth by not directly answering a question
ex: During the trial, the lead witness was willing to prevaricate in order to protect his friend.