Early Urban Societies of the Middle East and Mesopotamia

Terms in this set (98)

highly advanced military-military machine, state of the art weaponry
well organized administration
exposed to many attacks so developed warlike behavior and built an empire from Tigris R to central Egypt
used ironworking technology-soldiers covered themselves in leather and metal armor, iron helmets, iron swords and pointed spears
advanced planning and technical skills allowed them to siege enemy cities
used pontoons in deep water-support bridge , dug beneath city walls to weaken them-tunnels, marched shoulder to shoulder and shot wave after waves of arrows
showed no mercy-killed or enslaved their victims-beheaded, impaled, murdered or sold into slavery
defeated Syria, Palestine, Babylonians
had local governors and became the fundamental model of administration or system of government management
advanced across SW Asia, seized control of Egypt, and Israel
came from northern part of Mesopotamia
overthrew northern kingdom of Israel even though they paid them a tribute-peace money hoping they would not attack
played an important role in world history
were nomadic kinship groups that engaged in herding and caravan traffic but became sedentary agricultural people and developed complex political and social institutions and integrated into the commercial and diplomatic networks of the ME
transformed the cult of a desert god into a single, all powerful and all knowing deity-which are the roots of Judaism and Christianity
lost power to Babylonian empire
sculpture: relief-a sculpture that has figures standing out from a flat background