32 terms

Chemistry Chapter 7 and 8

STUDY
PLAY
Precipitation Reaction
Form Solid substances in water
Combustion Reaction
Hydrocarbons combine with oxygen to form carbon dioxide and water
Gas Evolution Reaction
Formation of a gas is evidence of a chemical reaction
Evidence of a Chemical Reaction
Color Changes
Formation of a Solid
Formation of a gas
Heat Absorption or emission
Light Emission
Substances on the left side
Reactants
Substances on the right side
Products
Aqueous Solutions
Compounds dissolved in water
Soluble
Dissolves in that liquid
Insoluble
Does not dissolve in the liquid
Molecular equation
Showing complete neutral formulas for every compound in the reaction
Complete Ionic equations
Equations showing the reactants and products as they are actually present in solution.
Spectator Ions
Ions that appear unchanged on both sides of the equations. Do not participate in the reaction.
Net ionic Equation
An equation showing only the species that actually participate in the reaction
Acid+Base ->
Water + Salt (ionic compound)
Acid-Base Reaction
Reactions that form water upon mixing an acid and base.
Acids
H+ ions
Base
OH- ions
Oxidation
Loss
Reduction
Gain
Redux Reaction
Reacts with Oxygen
Metal Reacts with Non-Metal
Transfers electrons
Combustion Reaction
A Type of Redox reaction
Combustion Reaction
Reaction of a substance with O2 to form oxygen containing compounds.
Greenhouse gases
Certain gases in Earths atmosphere affect the balance between incoming sunlight because they Trap heat.
Greenhouse gases
allow sunlight in the atmosphere to warm earth but prevent heat from escaping.
Co2
Earths most significant greenhouse gas
Global Warming
Increase in earths average temperature
Stoichiometry
The numerical relationship between chemical quantities in a balances chemical equation
Limiting Reactant
The reactant that is completely consumed in a chemical reaction.
Theoretical Yield
The amount of product that can be made in a chemical reaction based on the amount of limiting reactant
Actual Yield
Amount of Product actually produced by a chemical reaction
Percent Yield
Actual Yield/ Theoretical Yield x 100
Elemental Oxygen
O2