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SAT Vocabulary 2019
Terms in this set (232)
changing frequently, especially as regards one's loyalties, interests, or affection.
effective; producing the desired outcome
aggressively greedy; covetous; insatiable
to fight, struggle; to compete; to argue
in detail; after a long time
not having any serious purpose or value;foolish; irresponsible; silly
(of a person) carefree and not serious
gallows from which criminals are hanged
to give up
immoral; unrestrained by society
(especially of furniture or a building) roomy and comfortable.
(of a man) having or showing characteristics regarded as typical of a woman; unmanly
a change of circumstances or fortune, typically one that is unwelcome or unpleasant
mounted guns; artillery
dizzy; light-headed; lacking seriousness
"Overall, the last car provides a more forceful and _____ ride experience."
deserving strong condemnation
to reduce in strength; weaken
talk tediously or at length
lack of good sense; foolishness
a consequence of an action or event, especially when complex or unwelcome
a serious event causing distress or misfortune; a disaster
to distribute; to get rid of
"Lets _____ with the formalities. Shall we?"
to abuse verbally; berate (Starts with V)
to renounce, repudiate under oath; to avoid, shun
"The refusal to _____ the Catholic faith" (Starts with A)
excessive confidence or boldness; audacity
"No one had the _____ to question his conclusion."
a curse, expression of ill-will; an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something
"I don't think anyone is casting _____ on you."
shameless boldness; insolent or impertinent behavior
professed but not necessarily true; stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so
"The ______ star is Lana Turner, but it's Juanita Moore who makes the movie click."
very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail
"He chooses his words with _____ care." (Starts with F)
showing concern or care; fearful or anxious about someone or something
Eager / anxious to do something
"He was always _____ about the welfare of his students."
(n.) a depraved, vicious, or unprincipled person, scoundrel;
(adj.) wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled;
(v.) to disapprove of, condemn
"His neighbors _____ his methods of proceeding."
to suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.
"He _____ that something must be wrong."
sentimental in a feeble or sickly way
Having a faint sickly flavor
"The _____ smell of warm beer."
clear, transparent; readily understood
"The _____ water of the Caribbean."
gross injustice or wickedness (Starts with I)
"An act of moral ______" (Starts with T)
deserving or causing public disgrace or shame
"This resulted in a hasty, _____ retreat."
a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something
a controversy (especially over a belief or dogma)
"For all its talking points, it never falls into _____."
modesty or shyness resulting from a lack of self-confidence
"The youth sat down as directed, but reluctantly and with _____.
respect and esteem due a superior or an elder
"_____ to leaders and intolerance toward outsiders are hallmarks of tribalism."
lacking interest or flavor
"mug of _____ coffee"
not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily; reserved; diffident
"An extremely _____ man, Morris does not like to talk about his experience in personal terms."
extreme corruption; wickedness; immorality; decadence (Starts with D)
devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause
very generous in giving
intended to teach or convey information
to express strong disapproval of; protest against; belittle (Starts with D)
assuming too much; arrogant
Having great depth or seriousness; coming from far below the surface
a desire to avoid, aversion; unwillingness
seemingly reasonable but incorrect; superficially plausible
strong and healthy; vigorous
critical observation or examination
Reckless with money; wasteful
to admit as true; to yield, submit
to tell in detail again
treat with an apparent kindness that betrays a feeling of superiority; to look down to
"Homer's conduct at the office party was _____; even Marge didn't have anything bad to say about how he behaved.
practicing self-denial; austere
"The wealthy, self indulgent young man felt oddly drawn to the strict, _____ lifestyle practiced by members of some monastic orders."
stubborn; obstinate; hard to move forward; not easily managed or controlled
"All attempts to arrange a truce between the two _____ conquerors were in vain."
a preference toward someone or ; tendency to regard something favorably.
Commonly occurring; widely accepted or practiced; generally accepted
"A radical committed to social change, Reed had no patience with the conservative views _____ in the America of his day."
position of dominance; controlling influence
"Leaders of religious cults maintain _____ over their followers by methods that can verge on brainwashing."
not harmful or offensive
refuse to have anything to do with; reject the authority of
fond of arguing
"Convinced he knew more than his lawyers, Alan was a _____ client, always ready to argue about the best way to conduct the case."
highly critical, disapproving, overcritical, faultfinding
"We live in a morally _____ climate, one that does not readily tolerate weirdness, willfulness, or imperfection."
not marked by careful distinctions; choosing at random
incapable of becoming tired.
"Although the effort of taking out the garbage left Wayne exhausted for the whole morning, when it came to partying, he was _____".
scold, generally in a gentle manner
"Though Aunt Bea at times had to _____ Opie for inattention at church, she believed he was at heart a God - fearing lad."
a wrong or inaccurate name or designation
"Morning sickness is a _____; it can hit you night or day."
attacking cherished traditions
regret strongly; express grief over
not essential; minor
to lessen in violence or intensity (Starts with A)
lack of seriousness
to clear from blame
"The lawyer's goal was to _____ her client and prove him innocent of all charges."
strongly appealing to reason; well argued
become accustomed to something unpleasant or unwelcome
"Although Cinderella was _____ to the drudgery of her menial tasks, she still flinched when her stepsisters hurled insults at her."
related to the surface or outer part; of minor importance
"Rather than live in the crowded city center, we chose to buy a house in one of the _____ suburbs ringing the metropolis."
performed in an unimaginative manner; ordinary; dull
"Unintentionally boring, he turned out page after page of _____ prose."
feeling or state of weariness or listlessness; languor; lethargy
"After a massage and a long soak in the hot tub. I gave in to my growing _____ and lay down for a nap."
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
"All things change over time; nothing is _____"
to criticize harshly
modified, limited, conditional on something else
traveling from place to place
"During the Civil War, my great - grandfather, an _____ tailor, followed the Union Army from PA to VA as he made uniforms for the troops."
move someone to do something by persuasion
"The pickets _____ many workers to stay away."
bring about or give rise to
"None of these measures _____ a change of policy."
intentionally misleading; open to more than one interpretation
"The results of the investigation were _____."
treat as if harmless or unimportant; accept; excuse; disregard; overlook
"Unlike Widow Douglas, who _____ Huck's minor offenses, Miss Watson did nothing but scold him for his misdeeds."
make the subject of ridicule
seeking the company of others; sociable; outgoing
"Typically, partygoers are _____; hermits are not."
gather; accumulate; form or group into a class or cluster
"The butterflies _____ in dense groups."
a long angry speech of criticism or accusation
lacking in spirit or energy
lacking originality; hackneyed; trite; commonplace
to retract a previous statement; to openly confess error
"Heretics were burned if they would not recant."
stubbornly disobedient, resisting authority (Starts with R)
excessively smooth or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable
dried up, dehydrated
sharply effective or insightful; articulate
governed by self - interest; suitable; practical; advantageous; profitable
"A pragmatic politician, he as guided more by what was _____ than by what was right."
instruct in moral matters; benefit spiritually
"These books will both entertain and _____ readers."
one who makes a show of knowledge
one who is unimaginative or who unduly emphasizes minutiae in the presentation or use of knowledge.
easy to talk to; warmly friendly
"Accustomed to cold, impersonal supervisors, Nick was amazed at how _____ his new manager was."
make valid; give consent to
a formal decree
"The enforcement of those _____ until denuclearization is complete."
hastily done; perfunctory; casual; superficial
"There was a _____ police investigation which concluded no further action would be taken."
not distinct; like a cloud
"Phil and Adam tried to come up with a clear, intelligible business plan and not some vague, _____ proposal."
positive in asserting one's opinion (especially when it's unwarranted)
following a set of rules no matter what
logically unsound; false; mistaken; misleading
idealistic but impractical; visionary
something that is romantic and unrealistic, or possessed by almost impossible hopes
"Simon's head is in the clouds; he constantly comes up with _____, unworkable schemes."
fruitful in offspring or vegetation; intellectually productive
"The _____ tree bore enough apples to last us through the entire season."
to announce; to make known
overly submissive and eager to please
"Mark acted like Janet's servant, obeying her every request in an _____ manner."
leaping, jumping, or springing forth; prominent, standing out, conspicuous
expressed without words
"I interpreted my parents' refusal to talk as a _____ acceptance of my request."
logically inconsistent; incomparable; not fitting; absurd
"Towering over the nearby houses, the mansion looked wholly _____ in this historic neighborhood of small bungalows."
formally discuss a subject at some length; hold a conversation
"The quality of political _____ these days remains high."
"In extemporaneous speaking events, competitors must _____ on a subject with only thirty minutes to prepare their speech."
gaining goodwill by acting in a pleasing manner; reconciling; soothing; appeasing
"Tina was still angry despite Tony's soft and _____ words."
dangerous; risky; lacking in security or stability
"Saying the stock would be a _____ investment, Tom advised Michael against purchasing it."
interested in money or gain; venal; avaricious; greedy; monetary
dealing fairly with everyone; just; impartial
announce with great approval
"Announcing the Olympic Games, the sportscasters _____ every American victory and grumbled about every American defeat."
excessively pushy in offering one's services
"After her long flight, Jill just wanted to nap, but the _____ bellboy was intent on showing her all the special features of the deluxe suite."
settle down; sink to the bottom; decrease; dwindle; abate; lessen
"The doctor assured Johnny's parents that their son's fever would eventually _____."
refusing to compromise, irreconcilable
"The _____ child said he would have 12 scoops of ice cream or he would bang his head against the wall until his mother fainted from fear."
pressing; demanding; urgent; requiring immediate action
"The ______ demands of the music took a toll on her voice"
emotional remoteness; aloofness; distance; disengagement
"Psychoanalysts must maintain their professional _____ and stay uninvolved with their patients' personal lives."
unable to be moved or stopped; relentless; unyielding; implacable
"Aging is an _____ process."
a regulated program, especially one designed to improve or maintain health; regular course of training
1) verdict that someone is guilty of a crime
2) strongly held belief
"Even her _____ for murder did not shake Peter's _____ that Harriet was innocent of the crime."
done in a secretive or shifty manner
"Noticing the _____ glance the customer gave the diamond bracelet on the counter, the jeweler wondered whether he had a potential shoplifter in the store."
more than required; unnecessary; excessive
"Please try not to include so many _____ details in your report; the bare facts are all I need."
of no particular importance
"Though Kit said it was wholly _____ whether she had a birthday party or not, we knew she really wanted us to throw her a party."
mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness
accompanying in a subordinate fashion
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
rude and disrespectful
having or showing knowledge of events before they take place; foresight
given to lying or deception; untrue
fierce and cruel; aggressive; deadly, destructive; scathingly harsh
a false and malicious accusation (Starts with C)
state of bold or contemptuous disregard for others; insolence; rudeness; impertinence; nerve
"When I refuse to be the child they knew and accepted me to be, I was called _____ and my muteness sullenness."
having little or no money; poor
"They were so ____ that they couldn't afford to give one another even token Christmas gifts."
habitually fussy and full of complaints
"Even the most agreeable toddlers can begin to act _____ if they miss their nap."
honesty; integrity; moral values; virtuous
"Because he was never viewed as a man of great _____, no one was surprised by Mr. Samson's immoral behavior."
environment; setting; surroundings
"It is a study of social and cultural _____ in which Michaelangelo lived and worked."
having a complicated structure and thus difficult to understand.
"His grammar explanations are terribly _____."
pompous in speech and manner; pretentious
"There is a great deal of ostentation and _____ pomp about it."
characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste in manners and conduct; noble
"Nothing could be more perfectly proper and _____ than this dance."
design or provide with a form that presents very little resistance to a flow of air or water, increasing speed and ease of movement.
make an organization or system more effective by employing faster or simpler working methods.
"The company _____ its operations by removing whole layers of management."
belligerent support of one's country; extreme patriotism
turn to bone; become fixed and rigid; seize developing
"If an idea _____ it becomes fixed and difficult to change."
a broad strip or area of something
"It seems that the great _____ of my past is not accessible."
having been used or worn a lot and no longer in good condition; trite
"A _____ expression has been used so often that it no longer seems to have any meaning."
"A _____ piece of clothes has been worn so frequently that it looks rather old and damaged."
to coax by using flattery
"Her pudding is so _____ that it makes me sick."
In (the) light of
because of a particular fact
"____ your good record, we decided to overlook this offense."
attitude that may lie under the ostensible tone of the piece.
something that suggests a particular idea or feeling without directly stating
"A humorous article with an ______ of anger."
famous; outstanding; more eminent than eminent (starts with P)
an expression or statement that people often repeat because it says something wise about a subject.
stubbornly established by habit
"I'm the first to admit that I'm an _____ coffee drinker— I drink four cups a day."
intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous
"Lisa's _____ chocolate cake tastes so good but makes you feel so sick later on!"
to make amends, make up for; to avert; to atone
"To _____ my selfishness, I gave all my profits to charity"
beginning to exist or develop; newborn
"the _____ space industry"
"He did valuable work toward the relief of _____."
loose bits and pieces of material resulting from disintegration or wearing away; fragments that result from any destruction
"the _____ of ancient civilization"
oval; ambiguous, either purposely or because key words have been left out
"a writer with an _____ style"
one who merely dabbles in an art or a science; amateur
"Because Peter studied music competition for eight years, he is definitely not a ______ in the field of music."
wasteful and immoral behavior; licentious; reckless extravagance or wastefulness in the use of resources.
before in time
"We hope you will return _____ long."
the practice of begging; the condition of being a beggar
holding interest as if by a spell; fascinating
"She told the _____ story of her life."
(of a plan or action) return to the originator, often with negative consequences; backfire
"Misleading consumers about quality will eventually _____."
to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome; to throw off from a plane a ship
an omen; a sign or forewarning
"When a black cat crossed my sister's path while she was walking to school, she took it as a _____ that she would do badly on her spelling test"
the lowest point of something
"My day was boring, but the ________ came when I accidentally spilled a bowl of spaghetti on my head."
able to produce a desired effect; valid
made or delivered on the spur of the moment; improvised; impromptu
everyday; commonplace; routine
"_____ events are the everyday details of life."
keenness in observing and understanding; the capacity to assess situations or circumstances shrewdly
to be indecisive
"Not wanting to offend either friend, he _____ about which of the two birthday parties he should attend."
eager to follow rules or conventions
"_______ Bobby, hall monitor extraordinaire, insisted that his peers follow the rules."
"The room was cleared of boxes and other _____."
easily angered; irritable
all of the people entitled to vote in a given election
"The South Carolina primary is another gauge of whether the Republican ______ is willing to tolerate any criticism of Trump."
calm and unemotional in temperament
"_______ people are meek, submissive, introverts who live to please others."
Take issue with
to disagree with; challenge
an earthenware beer mug
grow pale from shock, fear, or a similar emotion
present and explain (a theory or idea) systematically and in detail.
"He was _____ a powerful argument."
deviating from the norm; abnormal
curtailment; reduction; retreat to reassess; conserving resources;
"We've lurched from eras of great progressive change to periods of _____."
a prediction of the course of a disease; a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
"In light of such progress, the _____ for what was long considered an irreversible condition seems a lot brighter."
to squeeze or crunch; crumple
"She _____ her face and held her breath, avoiding any more of that funky deodorant."
characteristic of the countryside, rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral
"Homeowners worry the towers will devalue their properties and disrupt their _____ way of life."
consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds; miscellaneous
"I discovered records, perfume bottles, and _____ items at my neighbor's yard sale."
looking or sounding sad and dismal; excessively mournful
"Funerals are _____. So are rainy days and Mondays."
to argue or plead with someone against something, protest against, object to
"When Rob's wife went to _____ with him, he hit her hard in the face."
"This tricky kind of deceit and manipulation is called _____."
the art of teaching; the profession of a teacher
"If you are interested in teaching, you will need to demonstrate knowledge in pedagogy."
tastelessly gaudy; showy; overly vivid and bright in a bad way
to foretell or know by inspiration; to discover; deduce
Ill - conceived
not carefully planned or considered
treat in an indulgent or overprotective way
someone who makes or seeks to make an excessive or unfair profit
depraved or lacking something, especially a nonmaterial assert.
"Her room was stark and _____ of color."
an event or period marking a turning point in a course of action or state of affairs
"These works mark a _____ in the history of music."
shock or excite (someone), typically into taking action.
"The urgency of his voice _____ them into action."
to use something as a way to stay alive
"The poor villagers _____ ____ mainly rice and fish."
used to emphasize that people or things are completely different; exactly or completely opposite
"_______ opposed viewpoints."
of, relating to, or befitting a son or daughter
"a display of _____ affection"
like an uncle, benevolent and tolerant
friendly, lively, and enjoyable
sweetly flowing; sweet or musical; pleasant to hear
"The voice was _____ and smooth."
a feeling that something bad will happen
"With a sign of _____ she read the note."
having a pleasing appearance
avoid making a decision or committing oneself in order to gain time; delay
"The opportunity was missed because the mayor still _____."
lack of thought or intelligence; empty-headedness. empty space; emptiness.
showing dedication and diligence
"He watched himself with most _____ care."
too sweet; over sentimental
a restriction or limitation on a person or activity
"religious _____ on everyday life"
an obstacle to progress
"My plans hit a _____ _____."
harsh criticism or censure; public disgrace arising from someone's shameful conduct.
"the _____ of being associated with thugs and gangsters"
lacking care or attention to duty; negligent
"It would be very _____ of me not to pass on that information."
complete or perfect in the highest degree
"He dressed with _____ elegance."
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