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Arts and Humanities
2.1 2.3 art appreciation JOHNNY TEST 🤙🤠
Terms in this set (48)
Artists draw for many reasons, including:
As an end in itself, to think, and to prepare and plan other works
This drawing medium utilizes a piece of silver wire set in a holder.
If an artist wanted to create an area of darkness using the medium silverpoint, he or she would use the technique of _____.
Hatching and cross hatching
Pencils have a range of values from very light to very dark. If you wanted a dark value, which of these pencil numbers would be the darkest?
Color pencil is much like graphite pencil, but the lead is made from pigment and ________.
Sticks of chalk, pastel, and crayon are all made by combining pigment with ________.
Artists' crayon is made by mixing pigment with ________.
An artist who is using brush and ink will often control the value of the ink by ________.
diluting with water
Artists' chalk is powdered calcium carbonate combined with this binder.
Before the invention of paper, drawings were done on ______.
Papyrus, cloth, wood, and animal hide.
What fibers are used to make paper?
In addition to its fiber content and weight, paper is also classified by its surface texture. What is the type of paper that is created on a screen with a grid-like structure?
What type of drawing aims to identify and react to the main visual and expressive characteristics of a form.
This type of drawing involves the use of long continuous lines to capture the changing surface and outline of an object.
Paint in its most basic form is composed of ________ and a liquid binder.
What component of paint has traditionally been extracted from minerals, soils, vegetable matter, and animal by-products?
The binding agent in encaustic painting is ________.
A brush called a filbert is best used for ______.
What painting tool can be used to apply thick encaustic paint?
Naturalistic encaustic portraits of the Roman era, from the Fayum Oasis in Egypt, were created as ________.
What painting process relies on freshly applied like plaster to hold the pigment in place?
What are the two types of fresco?
buon fresco and fresco secco
The binding agent for tempera paint is ________.
Tempera lends itself to high ________ because it is usually applied with a brush in short, thin strokes.
Islamic and Renaissance artists often used tempera in conjunction with oil and this material, which adds a rich appearance to the work.
What painting binder is a by-product of flax production and first cake into common use during the late Middle Ages and the Northern Renaissance.
The transparency of oil paint allows a painter to use a process called glazing in order to add a high degree of ________ to a painting.
What medium is made of pigment suspended in water so that it adheres to the fibers of paper to which it is commonly applied. Usually there is a small amount of gum Arabic in this medium, and it's most often uses only black pigment.
What painting medium is transparent, applied to a paper surface, and has gum Arabic binder?
What painting medium is opaque, applied to a paper surface, and uses gum Arabic binder?
What contemporary painting medium uses a polymer resin as a binder?
One of the advantages of acrylic paint is that it can be cleaned up using what liquid?
When a printmaker rolls ink onto a raised surface and presses a piece of paper onto it, the resulting image on the paper is known as ________.
Images were first reproduced by printmaking in this ancient culture
The earliest existing printed artworks on paper were created in this culture.
What type of printmaking is done by carving away part of a block in order to leave a raised surface that can be inked and printed?
A relief print created out of a solid wood block is called ________.
If an artist were to create a woodblock print with three different colors, how many separate relief blocks would he or she need?
A relief print created out of a sheet of linoleum is called ________.
What is the term for plate printmaking that means "cut into" in Italian?
What print preparation process involves carefully and cleanly scoring a metal plate?
What is the primary advantage of using a metal plate over a woodblock for printmaking?
What print preparation process is achieved by pulling a burin across the surface of a metal plate, leaving a burr where the ink will collect.
If an artist were to create a print with very fine detail and precise, even lines, dry point would be a good method to use ( True or false?)
What Intaglio process employs acid to mar the surface of the metal plate.
What print preparation process makes an image that resembles the effect created by water-based media and uses melted rosin to create an acid-resistant coating.
If an artist wanted to create a print that visually resembled brush-and-ink painting, ___________ would be a good method to use.
This print preparation process is achieved by roughening the entire metal plate surface with a rocking tool, then smoothing the areas where the ink is to be wiped away.
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