60 terms


How often elections are held for congress
every 2 years
How many House Reps
How many senators
A term for House Rep
2 year
A term for Senator
6 years
How old to be a House Rep
How old to be a Senator
House rep: US citizen for how many years?
7 years
Senator: US citizen for how many years?
9 years
# of people necessary to do business; majority
Habeas Corpus
to have the body back
Ex post Facto
makes a particular act illegal and punishes people who committed that crime before the law was passed
Bill of Attainder
Singles an individual out & denies him the right to trial
P & VP Term
2 years
Popular Votes month
Elector Votes Month
Age of P & VP
at least 35
P & VP number of years in US
14 years
Number of Electors per state
# of House + 2
2 Presidents who won electoral votes but lost popular votes
John Quincy Adams & George Bush
How many cabinet members
How long does a cabinet member serve
no definite term
Who appoints the cabinet members
President with the consent of the senate
Elastic Clause (Congress)
Make all laws necessary & proper, carry out purpose in the Preamble
Executive's Branch's Elastic clause
"He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed."
Appellate Jurisdiction
power to retry cases already tried in lower courts
Original Jurisdiction
the authority to hear cases for the first time; determine the facts
Making war against US; Giving Aid/comfort to the enemies of US
corruption of Blood
punishing a family of a person convicted of treason
Loss of property as payment
how many justices in supreme court?
how long does all justices serve?
life time
what jurisdiction does supreme court have?
original & appellate jurisdiction
what jurisdiction does Court of Appeals have?
Appellate Jurisdiction
what jurisdiction does District Courts have?
Original Jurisdiction
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state
Supremacy Clause
Constitution & Laws of US + treaties = Supreme Law of the Land
prim facie case
top/surface case presented by a prosecutor that a crime is committed
Due process of law
fair legal practices followed by courts based upon fair laws
Eminent Domain
the right of the state to take private property for public use
voir dire
screening process in which opposing lawyers question prospective jurors to ensure as favorable or as fair a jury as possible
a court order requiring appearance or testimony
Political Efficacy
Belief that citizens can affect what government does
a small group (landowners, military officers, wealthy merchants)
more people participate and have influence
constitutional Government
liberal government where there is formal and effective limits on government
no formal limits but restrained by power of other social institutions
dominate and control every aspect without formal limits of any other social institutions as well
Representative Democracy/ Republic
Gives citizen a regular opportunity to elect the top government officials
Direct Democracy
Permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies
All interest groups are free to compete for interest in government (funding, lobbying)
Direct Action Politics
Civil disobedience/revolutionary actions that take place outside formal channels
Laissez-faire Capitalism
Economic Freedom with production and earning privately owned without government interference
Personal freedom where powers are limited for government by law
all individuals have the right to participate in political right and society on equivalent terms
Affirmative Action
encourage employers of hiring minorities and women
Prior Restraint
a writ from a court commanding police to perform specified acts
Writ of Certiorari
an order, sent from a higher court to a lower one which orders the lower court to turn over transcripts and documents related to a specific case for review.