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Terms in this set (50)
Any sharp, flat, or natural sign in front of a note is called an
A vertical line that divides the staff into measures
A sign written at the beginning of each staff which designates the letter names of the lines and spaces. Tuba, trombone,baritone, bass, and timpani use this clef
A sign telling you when to take a breath
Another way of writing 4/4
D.C. al Fine
Da Capo which means, in italian, the head; Fine means end. It tells you to go back to the beginning and play until you see the word fine.
One person/group plays the bottom notes and another person/group plays the top notes
Words or signs indicating how loud/soft to play
"Birds eye" symbol that tells you to hold a note longer than its normal length
Lowers the pitch by one half step. Always appears before the note
List of sharps and flats appearing right after the clef sign that effect certain notes throughout the piece of music
Short horizontal line drawn underneath or above the staff for notes too low or high to appear on the staff.
Distance between two bar lines. Sometimes called a bar
Multiple Measure Rest
Sign that indicates a rest of more than one measure. Number of measures rest is given in the symbol
Sign cancels the sharp or flat. Always appears before the note
A repeated musical phrase. Usually used as an accompaniment
Note that comes before the first full measure
Defines a section of music to be repeated
Raises the pitch by one half-step. Always appears before the note.
A curved line connecting two or more notes of different pitches. You only tongue the first note of the slur.
Collection of five horizontal lines on which music is written
Speed of the music is determined by how many beats occur every minute.
Curved line connecting two or more notes of the same pitch. You only roungue the first nor of the tie.
Sign that appears right after the key signature. Top number tells you how many beats are in a measure and the bottom tells you what type of note gets one beat.
A sign written at the beginning of each staff which designates the letter names of the lines and spaces. Flute, oboe, saxophone, trumpet, french horn, and mallet percussion use this clef.
Everyone is playing at the same time
Hold full value, slight emphasis
Fast, cheerful and happy
Somewhat fast, slower then allegro
Slightly faster then andante
Return to the original tempo
In a singing manner
Note printed in small type. It is counted in the rhythm; is played quickly, almost together with the other note.
When the octave sign is placed over notes, play them one octave higher then what is written. When placed under the notes play them one octave lower then what is written
Shows when to press and lift the damper (right) pedal
Sign tells you how to touch and release the keys
Character or Style
These words help establish feeling, mood, or performance style
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