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large flat areas, often found in the interior regions of continents


Are flat, raised areas of land made up of nearly horizontal rocks that have been uplifted by forces within the Earth

folded mountain

Rock layers are folded like a rug that has been pushed up against a wall

upwarped mountain

Formed when blocks of Earth's crust are pushed up by forces inside the Earth

fault-block mountain

Formed when one block pushes up while the adjacent block drops down.

Made of huge tilted blocks of rock that are separated from surrounding rocks by faults.


volcanic mountain

Form when molten material reaches the surface through a weak area of crust


Imaginary line around the Earth exactly halfway between the north and south poles


Lines that run parallel to the equator

prime meridian

Imaginary line that represents 0longitude and runs from the north pole through Greenwich, England, to the south pole


Refers to distances in degrees east or west

conic projection

are made up by projecting points and lines from a globe onto a cone

topographic map

a map that shows the changes in the elevation of the earth's surface

contour line

a line on a topographic map that connects points of equal elevation

map scale

the relationship between the distances on the map and the actual distances on Earth's surface

map legend

explains what the symbols used on a map mean

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