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rome republic

power rests w/ citizens who elect leaders

roman patrician

wealthy landowner

roman plebeian

Belonging to the common people




a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior


clergymen collectively (as distinguished from the laity)


everyone except the clergy


a town in northeast Missouri on the Mississippi River

julius caesar

conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)


Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC

pax romana

the Roman peace

twelve tables

Rome's first code of laws; adopted in 450 B.C.

law of nations

the body of laws governing relations between nations


a Roman poet


Religious leader and founder of Christianity

new testament

the collection of books of the Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, the Pauline and other Epistles, and Revelation


a walled city in northeastern Algeria east of Algiers


the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church


an ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis

asia minor

a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey


as trade revived in the late middle ages this city located at the entrance to the black sea became the terminus for caravans and ships

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