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127 terms

Hardware Install Final

Cist1122 study guide 6-15 minus CH9
STUDY
PLAY
low-level formatting
Which process writes sector markings to a hard drive?
S.M.A.R.T
Which hard drive technology is used to predict when a drive is likely to fail?
40 pins, 80 wires
Which type of cable is required by ATA/66 and above?
round cables obstruct air flow less inside the case
Why would you use a round PATA ribbon cable instead of traditional flat cable?
SATA2
Which SATA standard provides a transfer rate of 3 Gb/sec?
SCSI ID 7 has a higher priority than SCSI ID 10
Which of the following is true about SCSI drives?
magnetic drives have larger capacity for the money than solid state drives
Which of the following is true about selecting a hard drive?
a PATA drive has master and slave settings
What should you keep in mind when installing hard drives?
boot Windows and use Disk Management to prepare the new drive.
If you are adding a hard drive to a system that already has a drive with Windows installed on it, which of the following is true?
to improve overall disk performance
Why might you want to use a RAID 0 disk configuration?
it requires 3 or more drives and uses parity checking
Which of the following best describes RAID 5?
RAID controllers have their own BIOS
Which of the following is true about hardware RAID?
FireWire
Which interface is not typically used for an internal tape drive?
sequentially
How is data stored on magnetic tape?
1.44 MB
How much data does a 3.5" floppy disk drive hold?
it indicates drive A:
What does a twist in a 34-pin data cable mean?
64 bit
Which type of OS should you install for best performance when you have enough RAM?
dual
A ____ boot allows you to install the new OS without disturbing the old one so you can boot to either OS.
clean install
What type of installation should you perform if you want to install a 64-bit version of Windows on a computer that already has a 32-bit OS installed?
BIOS setup
Where should a user disable virus protection settings that might prevent the boot area of the hard drive from being altered?
hidden recovery
For some brand-name computers, the hard drive contains a ____ partition that can be used to reinstall Windows.
BIOS
The _____________ is used to change motherboard settings, finds a boot device, and contains instructions for running essential hardware before an OS is started
domain controller
In a Windows domain, where is the centralized database kept?
workgroup
In a Windows ____ , each computer maintains a list of users and their rights on that particular computer.
client/server
A Windows domain is a type of ____ network, which is a network where resources are managed by a centralized computer.
scanstate
loadstate
Which of the following commands are used by the USMT software? (Choose all that apply.)
for most installations, install the device first, then the device driver
Which of the following is a basic principle that applies to both internal and external devices?
the Action Center is launched
What happens when a problem occurs while Windows 7 is installing a device?
yellow triangle
What icon might you see in Device Manager that indicates a problem with a device?
480 Mbps, cable length up to 5 meters
Which of the following describes USB 2.0?
FireWire devices are hot-swappable
Which of the following is true about the FireWire standard and devices?
AGP
Which type of expansion slot uses a retention mechanism to help stabilize a heavy card?
the onboard video is not disabled in BIOS
Which of the following might be the cause of a black screen right after you install a new video card?
create and set an environment variable
What do you need to do for Device Manager to display nonpresent devices?
PCI-e
Which slot type would you install a video card in to get the best performance?
DVI-D
Which type of video port provides a digital-only signal?
exFAT
Which file system is used by large-capacity USB and memory cards?
Labels can be burned on the top of a disc
What is the purpose of the LightScribe technology?
SDXC
Which type of removable storage media can provide up to 2 TB of storage?
Action Center
If a problem occurs while Windows 7 is installing a device, it automatically launches the ________________________.
15 percent
For optimal performance, how much free space does Windows need on a hard drive?
magnetic hard disk drives
Which hard drive type contains spinning platters?
virtual memory
What is Pagefile.sys used for in Windows?
cluster
What is another name for a file allocation unit?
once a week
How often does Windows 7/Vista automatically defragment a hard drive?
Defrag
Use the ____ command to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contiguous.
Chkdsk
To make sure the drive is healthy, you need to search for and repair file system errors using the Windows ____ utility
restore point
A snapshot of the system settings and configuration is called a ____.
System Protection
____ creates restore points at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware.
Backup and Restore
Besides backing up user data or system files, you can also back up the entire volume on which Windows 7 is installed using __________.
Ctrl+Break
If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, you can press ____ to do so.
MD
The ____ command creates a subdirectory under a directory.
1
A dynamic disk requires ____ MB of storage for the disk management database.
Disk Management
You can use ____ to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks
Foreign drive
Healthy (At Risk)
Which of the following status indicators apply only to dynamic disks?
FAT32
exFAT
NTFS
Which of the following are file systems supported by Windows that you can choose for volumes and drives that don't hold the Windows installation.
Uninstall software you no longer use
Use drive compression
Which of the following are recommendations for freeing up disk space on a hard drive?
Network location setting
Antivirus software
Windows updates
Which of the following Windows settings are critical for keeping the system protected from malware and hackers? (Choose all that apply.)
Processes
Which Task Manager tab lists system services and other processes associated with applications, together with how much CPU time and memory the process uses?
restart a process
Which of the following is NOT a task you can perform with Task Manager?
Processes tab
Which Task Manager tab allows you to show processes from all users to verify no applications are running under that user account?
Performance
Which Task Manager tab provides details about how a program uses system resources?
System Configuration
Which Windows utility can be used to find out what processes are launched at startup?
Event Viewer
Where can a user find out more information about a hardware or network failure that occurred on that particular PC?
Performance Monitor
Which Windows utility can be used to monitor the performance of the processor, memory, and hard drive and save the monitored data in logs for future use?
Microsoft Management Console
Which Windows utility can be used to build your own customized console windows?
Event Viewer
Which tool should you consult to find information about a device or service that failed to start?
snap-ins
What is the term given to the individual tools in a console?
HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT
Which registry key stores information that determines which application is opened when the user double-clicks a file?
Reliability Monitor
Which Windows utility gives information about problems and errors that happen over time?
Processes tab
Which Task Manager tab allows a user to see how much memory an application has allocated to it that is not available to other programs?
Services console
Which Windows utility is used to control the Windows and third-party services installed on a system?
Windows indexer
What is responsible for maintaining an index of files and folders on a hard drive to speed up Windows searches?
Safe Mode
To find out if programs and services are slowing down Windows startup, boot the system in ____ and watch to see if performance improves
Applications
Processes
Performance
Which of the following are tabs found in the Windows Task Manager dialog box?
Event Viewer
Performance Monitor
Which of the following utilities can be accessed using the Computer Management window?
Error
Warning
Information
Which of the following types of events are logged by Windows and can be viewed using the Event Viewer?
can monitor in real time
can save data in logs
helps to identify bottlenecks
Which of the following is true about Performance Monitor?
True
If you get an error message about a missing DLL, the easiest way to solve this problem might be to reinstall the application.
Cipher
Which Windows tool allows an administrator to decrypt a file that is not available because the user account that encrypted the file is no longer accessible?
stop error
What is another name for a blue screen error which occurs when processes running in kernel mode encounter a problem ad Windows must stop the system?
Memory Diagnostics
You can quickly identify a problem with memory or eliminate memory as the source of a problem by using the ____ tool.
Driver Verifier
Which Windows tool can be used to identify a driver that is causing a problem by putting stress on selected drivers, causing the problem driver to crash?
Windows Defender
Which Windows tool monitors activity and alerts you if a running program appears to be malicious or damaging the system?
Disk Management
Which Windows utility can be used to view and modify partitions on hard drives and to format drives?
Document
Which of the following is the last step in the six step troubleshooting method covered in this chapter?
Backup data
What should be done before any changes are made to a system that is experiencing a problem?
Microsoft web site
Which tool should be the first one to use when a blue screen error has occurred?
NTFS_FILE_SYSTEM
Which of the following common blue screen errors means the hard drive is most likely corrupted?
32-bit processors
What does the term x86 refer to?
Boot from the Windows setup DVD
What should be done if a system cannot boot from the hard drive?
sfc /scannow
What should be entered at a command prompt in order to scan all system files?
hardware problem
What is the most likely cause of an improper shutdown or system lockup?
Boot into Safe Mode
What should be tried whenever a system is caught in an endless cycle of restarts?
use the Run as administrator shortcut menu option
Which of the following can you do if you suspect an application requires more privileges than the currently logged-on account?
Event Viewer
Memory Diagnostics
Chkdsk
Which of the following utilities can be used to troubleshoot an improper shutdown?
Establish your Priorities
Become a Researcher
Make No Assumptions
Which of the following are useful rules to use when troubleshooting
Reproduce the problem
Decide if hardware is the problem
Research user manuals
Which of the following steps can help form a best guess theory?
System Restore
If you can identify the approximate date the error started, you may be able to use _________________ to revert the system to a state before the problem occurred.
True
If you need to recover data off a system that won't boot, install the drive in a working system.
False
To move a hard drive to another computer for the purposes of accessing the data, you always need to first physically install it in a drive bay.
True
A poor looking video display might be caused by inadequate video RAM
time and date settings lost
Which of the following is a likely symptom caused when the CMOS battery fails?
you must have an Administrator password before you can access the data on the drive
Which of the following is true about moving a hard drive from a non-working computer to a working computer for the purposes of accessing the data on the drive?
the power supply whines when you first turn on the system
Which of the following is an indication that an inadequate power supply is the source of an intermittent problem?
go into BIOS setup and find the CPU screen
If you suspect your system is overheating, how can you determine the CPU temperature?
remove the covers from empty expansion slots
Which of the following is NOT a solution to an overheating problem?
all POST tests passed
What can you conclude if you heard one short beep during system boot?
press F8 as Windows starts up
What should you do if the system continually reboots and you can't read the error message produced on a blue screen?
chipset
Which of the following is NOT an FRU on a motherboard?
so you can see a full POST report
Why might you disable quick booting features in BIOS when you are troubleshooting a problem?
the CPU can overheat
What is a possible consequence of the thermal compound being improperly applied to the CPU?
Fixed disk error
Which message are you likely to see if the BIOS cannot find a hard drive at POST?
after you replace a failed disk
Under what circumstances might you need to rebuild a RAID volume?
BIOS has successfully completed POST
While troubleshooting a monitor or video problem, what can you conclude if you hear one beep during the boot and you see a blank screen
you have dead or stuck pixels
What is the likely problem if you see small white, black, or colored spots on your LCD screen?
UPS
Which of the following protects your computer from brownouts or sags?
False
The Telnet protocol encrypts transmitted data, which therefore cannot be read by others on the network.
False
When using static IP addressing, software automatically configures the network connection on each device.
IP address
What is the name of a 32-bit or 128-bit number that is used to identify a device?
dynamic
Which type of IP address is configured by a server when a device first initiates a connection to the network?
subnet mask
Which is used to identify the network portion and the host portion of an IP address?
ipconfig
Which command can be used to display TCP/IP configuration information and refresh the IP address?
TCP
Which protocol makes a connection, checks whether the data is received, and resends it if it is not?
SSID
What is used to identify a wireless access point?
firewall
What type of device can be used to block unwanted traffic initiated from the Internet and can also restrict Internet access from an internal network?
5 GHz
Which wireless networking radio frequency yields faster speeds but offers shorter range?