31 terms

History vocab ch 17

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Transcontinental Railroad
Railroad connecting the west and east coasts of the continental US
Pikes Peak Gold Rush
1859 gold rush which settled Colorado
Cornstock Lode
A multimillion dollar find of gold and silver.
cattle drive
the herding and moving of cattle over long distances
Cowboys
Cattle handlers who drove large herds across the southern Great Plains. The era of the cowboy lasted from 1870 to the late 1880s.
Open Range
unfenced land
Homstead Act
1862 law that offered 160 acres of western land to settlers
Oklahoma Land Rush
1889; former Indian lands;opened up for settlement, resulting in a race to lay claim for a homestead (Boomers and Sooners)
Great Plains
A mostly flat and grassy region of western North America
dry farming
a way of farming dry land in which seeds are planted deep in ground where there is some moisture
Soddies
a house built of strips of sod, laid like brickwork, and used esp. by settlers on the Great Plains, when timber was scarce.
barbed wire
strong wire with barbs at regular intervals used to prevent passage
Plains Indians
Posed a serious threat to western settlers because, unlike the Eastern Indians from early colonial days, the Plains Indians possessed rifles and horses.
Sioux
The Indian tribe that defeated Custer and put up the greatest resistance to U.S. domination was the:
Geroge Armstrong Custer
a civl era general
Sitting Bull
American Indian chief, he lead the victory of Little Bighorn
Crazy Horse
a chief of the Sioux who resisted the invasion of the Black Hills and joined Sitting Bull in the defeat of General Custer at Little Bighorn (1849-1877)
Dawes Act
1887 law that distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners
Matthew Perry
commodore of the US Navy who opened up Japan with the Treaty of Kanagawa
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Boxer Rebellion
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops.
Imperialism
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Purchase of Alaska
In December, 1866, the U.S. offered to take Alaska from Russia. Russia was eager to give it up, as the fur resources had been exhausted, and, expecting friction with Great Britain, they preferred to see defenseless Alaska in U.S. hands. Called "Seward's Folly" and "Seward's Icebox", the purchase was made in 1867 for $7,200,000 and gave the U.S. Alaska's resources of fish, timber, oil and gold.
Hawaii
a state in the United States in the central Pacific on the Hawaiian Islands
Faith missions
independent mission boards with no guaranteed income
Yellow Journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Maine
State where "Aroostook War" was fought over a disputed boundary with Canada
Spanish-American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Rough Riders
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Battle of Manila Bay
Marked the end of the wooden navy, when the more powerful American Steel Navy destroys the entire Spanish Wooden Navy in one single battle.