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HLTH 1100 chapter 9
Terms in this set (40)
In the United States, which of the following factors does NOT affect most people's choices about dietary intake?
Limited food supply
A healthy diet should
be adequate in energy, nutrients, and fiber.
Foods that contain mainly fat and/or sugar and have little or no nutritional value, such as ice cream and soda, are said to consist of
What percentage of a person's body weight is water?
50% to 60%
High-fiber diets can help decrease the risk of all of the following EXCEPT
The mineral necessary for the regulation of blood and body fluids is
A vegetarian who eats dairy products and eggs is called a
The safest way to thaw frozen foods is
in the refrigerator.
The average American consumes more than half their calories from junk food.
Iron deficiency anemia is characterized by feeling tired and run down.
Which of the following best describes appetite?
It is more psychological than physiological.
Which of the following is true about calories?
Calories are a unit of measure of the energy obtained from food.
Which type of proteins contain all nine essential amino acids?
What is the difference between a portion and a serving?
A serving is the recommended amount to be consumed, and a portion is the amount you choose to eat.
the compounds in food that the body requires to sustain proper functioning.
Which of the following foods is the most nutrient-dense?
A glass of low-fat milk
Which of the following is NOT true about fiber?
It is the digestible portion of plant foods.
Which of the following foods is an example of a complete protein?
The complex carbohydrate form of a sugar that is stored in the liver and muscles is
Which type of fiber dissolves in water and can be digested by bacteria in the colon?
All of the following are good sources of complex carbohydrates EXCEPT
The ideal cholesterol ratio for an individual would include
high HDL and low LDL.
When liquid oils are hydrogenated,
trans fatty acids are produced.
Minerals that the body needs in very small amounts are
The most common nutrient deficiency in the world is
The chief function of this mineral in the body is to make teeth resistant to decay and bones resistant to mineral loss.
Which of the following could be included in a vegan diet?
To ensure safety, leftovers that have been properly wrapped and refrigerated should be eaten within
An increase in the spread of food-borne illness could be attributed to all of the following EXCEPT
increased consumption of locally grown or raised food.
According to the criteria set by the USDA, which of the following would be the most appropriate label for an apple grown without insecticides, chemical fertilizers, or hormones?
Made with organic ingredients
The science that studies food and nourishment, including food composition and the physiological effects of food on the body is
What proportion of people avoid something in their diet because they think they are allergic to it?
About one third
Common food allergens include all of the following EXCEPT
Individuals need more protein if they are pregnant, fighting off a serious infection, or recovering from surgery or burns.
Many processed foods contain high amounts of sugar.
Fats should make up less than 10% of daily calories consumed.
Simple sugars provide short-term energy.
Eating yogurt is a scientifically proven method to benefit from probiotics' ability to optimize the bacterial environment in the intestines.
Antioxidants have been scientifically proven to slow the aging process.
Food allergy and food intolerance mean the same thing.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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