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religion ch 2
Terms in this set (49)
Hebrew for "father of a multitude"; a descendant of Shem and the founder of the Hebrew nation. He is recognized as the "father of all believers" .
ARK OF THE COVENANT
An ornate box that held the tablets of the Law (Ten Commandments), the rod of Aaron, and some manna; it was a visible sign of God's invisible presence on earth.
Adam and Eve's first son and murderer of his brother, Abel. His descendants carried a line of evil in contrast to the descendants of Seth (Adam and Eve's third son).
A solemn agreement between people or between God and his people involving mutual commitments and guarantees.
The second King of Israel, a "man after God's own heart." God made a new covenant with all the nations through David.
From the Greek for "ten words"; the Ten Commandments given by God through Moses.
Greek for "going out"; the liberation of the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt into the promised land by the saving acts of God. This is a type of the liberation from slavery to sin unto eternal life wrought by the saving actions of Jesus Christ through his Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
The worship or adoration due to God alone paid to anything created; forbidden by the First Commandment.
Son of Abraham and Sarah born when they were very old. Though Isaac was not Abraham's first son (he fathered a son, Ishmael, with Hagar, Sarah's handmaid), he was the firstborn of Sarah, Abraham's wife, making Isaac the heir of God's promises and the second patriarch of Israel.
Hebrew for "anointed." This is used in reference to Christ because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of Priest, Prophet, and King, signified by His being the Anointed ("Christ") of God.
As an infant, he was adopted by Pharaoh's daughter and brought up in Pharaoh's court. He fled Egypt after killing an Egyptian taskmaster, only to return as God's chosen agent to liberate the Hebrews from slavery and give the chosen people God's law.
The mountain where Abraham prepared to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice and on which the city of Jerusalem was later built.
Jewish feast commemorating the deliverance of the Israelites' firstborn males from the Angel of Death by the blood of the lamb sprinkled on the doorposts, which allowed them to leave bondage in Egypt for the promised land. This was a type of the sacrificial Passion and Death of Christ, which saved man from bondage to sin. The Eucharist celebrates Christ's Passover.
One who speaks to the people for God.
From the Greek proto, meaning "first," and evangelion, meaning "good news." This first message of Good News — the First Gospel — is found in Genesis 3: 15, wherein the promise of a redeemer is announced.
HUMAN REASON ALONE
It was because of the consequences of Original Sin, namely our darkened intellect and weakened will, that God explicitly revealed the Ten Commandments, which are able to be known through the natural law and thus through _______________________________________.
An event or person in Scripture that points toward a later event or person. The type has virtues or other qualities similar to its fulfillment, the anti-type.
Adam and Eve's third son and eventual heir. His line carried on the true worship of God in contrast to the evil line of Cain.
The younger of Isaac and Rebekah's twin sons, he tricked his brother into giving him his inheritance and his father into giving him the firstborn's blessing, thus becoming his heir. God chose him to continue the lineage of the chosen people and changed his name to Israel.
Image in the prophecies of Isaiah depicting one who is sent by God to suffer and die for the sins of humanity. It is a prophecy of the coming Messiah, Jesus Christ.
Temporary leaders appointed by God before the time of the monarchy to lead the people of Israel when enemies oppressed them; also, the name of an Old Testament book relating the history of Israel during this period.
YHWH ( "I AM WHO I AM")
The personal name of the God of Israel revealed to Moses on Mt. Sinai.
The ___________________ of the second covenant with Noah are not to shed human blood or drink the blood of animals.
The sign of the second covenant.
The__________________________ that God made to Abraham in the third covenant are a great land and nation, a great name and kingship, a source of blessing for all nations.
The sign and condition of the third covenant.
JUDGE & LIBERATOR
What is Moses' role as the mediator of the fourth covenant?
The Passover is the ______________ of the fourth covenant made with Moses.
The form that God's family takes as a result of the fourth covenant.
Sign of the fifth covenant with David.
The form that God's family takes as a result of the fifth covenant.
The promises of the fifth covenant include an everlasting kingdom,________________ to all nations, and God making Solomon His son too.
GRADUALLY & IN STAGES
How did God communicate Himself to His people?
The work of our redemption accomplished principally by Jesus' Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
God tests the Israelites in the desert as a form of fatherly discipline, so as to make them __________________ and to show them how much they needed Him.
Joshua ultimately led the Twelve Tribes of Israel into the _______________________.
The Last of the judges, he was the prophet who prepared the way for the Davidic Kingdom by anointing David as king.
It is important that God revealed His name to Moses because it signifies that God desires a _____________________ with His people and it revealed _______________to be the very nature of God.
DEATH OF THE FIRSTBORN MALE
One of the reasons that the plaques of the Exodus were extraordinary is that they only affected the Egyptians. In particular, the Hebrews were spared from the tenth plague, by the Passover, while the pharaoh and his people were not. This plague, which was the _______________________, finally "broke" pharaoh, and he agreed to let the Hebrew people go.
In punishment for the chosen people's idolatry, the ___________________________ conquered the Southern Kingdom of Judah, sending the chosen people into exile.
While in the desert, the Israelites continually _______________ against God. Their behavior demonstrates a lack of gratitude, trust, and faithfulness.
Following the division of Israel, God punished the Northern Kingdom for its
immorality and idolatry by allowing their enemies, the ______________________, to conquer them.
TOWER OF BABEL
At Pentecost the Holy Spirit overcame the divisions of language and nation that had occurred as a result of the sin of the ____________________.
SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM
The Flood and the Crossing of the Red Sea both serve as a type of the ____________________ through which sin is destroyed and a new creation in Christ occurs.
SUCCEED & PERFECT
The New Covenant was established by God in Jesus Christ to ___________________ the Old Covenant.
During His Passion, Christ endured __________ suffering as well as physical suffering.
AFTER ISRAEL WAS A DIVIDED KINGDOM, WHICH HAD FALLEN INTO GRIEVOUS SIN & CONQUERED BY ENEMIES
When did the prophets' promise of the Messiah occur?
The Younger (Writing) Prophets are further categorized according to the length of their work as either _______________ or ________________ prophets.
EXTERNAL IMAGES, INTERNAL IMAGES, AND/ OR WORDS SPOKEN TO THEM
How did Revelation come to the prophets?
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