Let's Practice A Bit of WHAP
Terms in this set (70)
It is male dominance. Evidence of it is seen in Confucianism. The wife is inferior to the husband.
Code of Hammurabi
It has evidence of class divisions. A rich man is punished differently than a poor man. A rich man often can pay a fine.
It values education. Men are pretty much alike but education makes a man a gentleman. Studying texts benefits men.
Limited Social Mobility
Although difficult, a poor man could pass a rigorous examination for government service. This allowed some men to be liberated from their low class status.
It is a ranking system.
It means non-religious or from a non-religious point of view.
These are the earliest sacred texts of Hinduism. The rituals are explained in these texts.
The Silk Roads
These overland trade routes stretched from China to the Eastern Mediterranean coast. Luxury goods were sold on this route. It was a relay trade.
It spread on the Silk Roads. Trade routes are conduits of diffusion.
It is a blending of beliefs and practices from different different cultures. Hellenism has evidence of syncretism. It isn't just Greek culture.
It is a traditional religion of Japan. Spirits in nature are worshipped.
It was founded by a Persian prophet and teaches that a cosmic battle between good and evil exists. God will ultimately triumph.
It is a Greek-like culture spread by Alexander the Great. Hellenism impacted art in India. Before the arrival of Hellenism, the wheel was often a symbol for Buddhism. With Hellenism, Buddha was portrayed in art as a man.
Indian Ocean Trade
Monsoons were vital in this network. Blowing predictably six months of the year in one direction and then six months of the year in another direction, these winds added navigators.
It is an example of syncretism. It is a blending of Arabic and Bantu languages.
This king of Axum converted to Christianity around the same time as Constantine.
For most of humanity's time on earth, men hunted and women gathered. Population was low and people were nomadic.
When people settled, property could be accumulated. The haves and the have nots came into existence leading to this - a hierarchical system.
Children must respect parents and older relatives. There is respect for the elderly. It is very Confucian.
Merchants were accused of violating filial piety for they travelled far from parents and ancestors. Thus, they had this. They were also viewed as social parasites.
These beings achieved enlightenment but stayed in the earthly realm to help others to the shores of nirvana.
It was fragmented, the world's first civilization, known for its writing (cuneiform), built temples known as ziggurats and wrote the world's first story - The Epic of Gilgamesh.
People learned to farm and domestic animals. People settled.
Agriculture did not occur in one area but it occurred without diffusion or this way in seven locations this way.
One of the groups of "barbarian" migrants into Roman territory in the fourth century.
The Roman Empire declined in the West due to this. It was unable to secure its borders.
Constantine ended the persecution of people who practiced this religion. Theodosius made it the official religion of the empire.
He promoted Buddhism, religious tolerance and was a king of the Mauryan Empire. His Edicts encouraged his subjects to be tolerant and kind.
It is the rules of caste in Hinduism; it is the teachings of the Buddha in Buddhism.
It means between regions. Indian Ocean Trade is an example.
To make easier - like the camel crossing the Sahara desert or the lateen sail catching the wind in the Indian Ocean
A plan or thoughtful design for a city; Harappa had evidence of it in that all bricks were the same size in every building and the streets were laid out on a grid pattern.
It is a ranking system.
It is the right to vote. When women received the right to vote, it challenged patriarchy.
It is a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country.
Relating to an empire
A system of money in general use in a particular region
To coordinate; to move people or things around for a purpose - it could be for war or some other purpose
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes
A person who spreads his or her religious beliefs to others
Originating or occurring naturally in a particular place; native.
To set apart for sacred use, to make holy, to purify
To forgive or overlook an offense
Adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion
A government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject
A type of agricultural activity based on nomadic animal husbandry or the raising of livestock to provide food, clothing, and shelter
The act of searching for food and provisions
The development of skills in a specific kind of work
The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
From the Latin trinus, meaning "threefold," referring to the central mystery of the Christian faith that God exists as a communion of three distinct and interrelated Divine Persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
(Christianity) the act of delivering from sin or saving from evil - acceptance into heaven
Council of Nicaea
(325 CE) A council called by Constantine to agree upon correct Christian doctrine and settle some disputes of the time
Willingness to let others practice their own beliefs
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct.
1. husband and wife 2. parent and child 3. elder and younger brother 4. ruler and Minister or subject 5. friend and friend
Examination System in China
Theoretically, it was open to all men - even a poor man could advance to government service and become a scholar gentry - however, education was private and costly - thus, unless a village could provide for the education of a poor man, it was difficult for poor men to achieve government service - difficult but not impossible - thus, the examination provided a modest measure of social mobility
A religion in China which emphasizes the removal from society and to become one with nature
The belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled through strict laws and harsh punishments
Cyrus the Great
This Persian king was religiously tolerant and relied on satraps or royal governors.
Chinese emperor who founded the Qin dynasty and unified China with a standardized system of writing and money; his tomb contained the famous "clay army"
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180
(320-550 CE) The decentralized empire that emerged after the Mauryan Empire, and experienced a golden age
A route across the Sahara desert; a major trade route that traded salt for gold, created caravan routes, economic benefit for controlling desert, camels played a huge role in the trading
Hindu Caste System
Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Shudras, Untouchables - Lacks social mobility
Established in 124 b.c.e. by the Han emperor, Emperor Wu (r. 140-87 b.c.e.), to encourage the study of Confucian texts
Governors of provinces in the Persian Empire
An archaeologist who found bones in East Africa that were more than 1.5 million years old and believed that the bones belonged to a hominid
A geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
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