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Terms in this set (10)
the study of the symptoms, causes, and treatments of mental disorders
what is a case study?
an intensive study of one individual that relies on clinical data, including observations, medical and psychological tests, and historical and biographical information. Case studies provide detailed information regarding development and features of psychopathology in a specific individual but lack the control and objectivity of many other methods
which research method has a broader scientific foundation, case studies or correlational studies?
correlational studies, because the sample sizes are large and the research can be replicated, unlike in case studies.
which research design is best for testing cause and effect relationships?
single-blind vs double blind studies
in single blind studies, the participants are unaware of the purpose of the research. In double blind, the participants and those helping conduct the study are unaware of the experimental conditions
what is an analogue study?
an investigation that attempts to replicate or simulate, under controlled conditions, a situation that occurs in real life
what is a field study?
an investigative technique in which behaviors and events are observed and recorded in their natural environment. Field studies examine behavior after events of major consequences, such as wars and natural disasters or explore personal crises, as in military combat, major surgery, or terminal disease. Field studies sometimes employ data collection techniques such as questionnaires, interviews, and analysis of existing records, but the primary technique is observation
in some cases, it may be too difficult to develop an analogue study that accurately reflects a real-life situation. Investigators may then resort to _____
a field study
what is an endophenotype?
a measurable characteristic (neurochemical, endocrinological, neuroanatomical, cognitive, or neuropsychological) that can give clues regarding the specific genes involved in disorders
what is a genetic linkage study?
a study that attempts to determine whether a disorder follows a genetic pattern. If a disorder is genetically linked, individuals closely related to the person with the disorder (who is called the "proband") are more likely to display that disorder or related disorders.
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