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Terms in this set (40)
A system of government in which authority (power) is divided between a central government and state governments.
Ultimate authority rests with the national government; the national government can dissolve (get rid of) the state governments.
Ultimate authority rests with the independent states; the states can dissolve (get rid of) the central government.
The powers given to the national government by the Constitution; those powers include expressed, implied, and inherent powers.
The powers delegated (given) to the national government in so many words; these powers are actually written in the Constitution.
To write; To list
The powers that are not expressly (written) stated in the Constitution but are reasonably assumed to belong to the national government because of its expressed powers.
The powers that belong to the national government because it is a sovereign government; Sovereign nations have the right to ensure their own survival (i.e. necessary).
To be necessary
The powers that are denied to the national or state governments in writing, by the silence of the Constitution or because of our system of federalism.
To deny; To not allow
The powers that belong to the individual states; these powers are not given to the national government nor denied to the states.
To save; To set aside
The powers that can be exercised ONLY by the national government; these powers include most (but not all) of the delegated powers.
One or only; Not shared
The powers that can be exercised by both the national government and the state governments; these powers are held separately and exercised simultaneously (at the same time but not together).
To share; Together
Necessary and Proper Clause
The Constitution gives the legislative branch the authority (power) to expand (increase) the power of the national government to carry out their expressed powers.
Also known as the Necessary and Proper Clause; It allows the government to "stretch" their expressed (written) powers.
Tenth (10th) Amendment
This amendment states that any power not specifically given to the national government, nor denied to the states, belongs to the states; These powers are known as reserved powers.
The Constitution, laws and treaties of the United States are the Supreme Law of the Land; states cannot use their reserved powers or their concurrent powers to stop/ignore the national government.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
The federal government established a national bank. Maryland tried to tax the national bank; James McCulloch refused to pay the tax. The Supreme Court used the Supremacy Clause to rule that a state could not tax a federal institution.
A theory that argues that the power of the national government is supreme over the states; Because the Constitution was ratified by the PEOPLE it was the supreme law of the land (Supremacy Clause).
A theory that claims the Constitution recognizes the states as sovereign; Because the Constitution was ratified by the STATES the states were supreme over the national government (10th Amendment)
A type of federalism in which national, state, and local governments work together to solve common problems, rather than making separate policies (aka: Marble-Cake Federalism).
A type of federalism in which power is divided between the national and state governments; State governments exercise the powers given to them without interference from the national government (aka: Layer-Cake Federalism).
A type of federalism in which the national government restores greater authority (power) back to the states; Usually through the use of block grants.
Grants of money or other resources given to the states and/or their local governments from the national government (education, mass transit, highway construction, healthcare, etc).
Money given to states for a specific, closely defined purpose (school lunches, construction of an airport) with specific conditions that must be met with the grant.
Money given to states for a broad, less defined purpose (healthcare, welfare) with fewer conditions that have to be met with the grant.
A type of federalism that explains the relationships between the states (i.e. a state's obligation to the other states).
The formal agreements between states (topics include: conservation, stream pollution, motor vehicle safety; etc).
Full Faith and Credit
The requirement that each state must honor (accept) the validity of another state's public acts, records and judicial proceedings (i.e. driver's license, birth certificate).
The legal process used to return a fugitive from justice in one state back to another state.
Privilege and Immunities
The resident of one state cannot be unreasonable discriminated by another state.
Division of Powers
The idea that sovereignty should be divided between the national government and the states.
A system of government in which both the national and state governments remain supreme in their own spheres; Neither can dissolved the other.
Article IV (Four)
The part of the Constitution that explains the relationship between states (i.e. Horizontal Federalism).
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Unit One: Introduction to Government
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