AP Government and Ecology
Terms in this set (15)
What is the electoral college?
The group of people who actually choose the president. Usually this reflects the popular
vote, but not always. The electoral college also overrepresents small states and
underrepresents large states.
What was the 24th Amendment?
banned poll taxes
What is gerrymandering
Manipulating voting districts to benefit a party
What was the ruling in Citizens United v. FEC? What were the impacts?
Corporations have the same first amendment rights as individuals. This means
corporations can spend unlimited money on electioneering communications
What was the ruling in Baker v. Carr? What were the impacts?
Ruling in favor of Baker that the voting boundaries drawn by the state were a violation
of due process under the 14 th amendment. States must abide by a 1 man 1 vote
guideline when drawing districts. All districts must have around the same number of
What was the ruling in Shaw v. Reno? What were the impacts?
Voting districts must be held to strict scrutiny when applying equal protection. States
are held to a higher standard against racial discrimination, and cannot create racially
How does gerrymandering impact elections?
Lessens competition, helps keep incumbents in office
Describe the 4 models of voting.
Retrospective- using past events to decide who to vote for
Prospective- using your beliefs about what a candidate will do in the future to decide
who to vote for
Party line- using only a political party to decide who to vote for
Rational choice- using what you believe will be best for you personally to decide who to
What impacts the amount of influence an interest group has on lawmakers?
What is the role of media in politics?
Gatekeeper, scorekeeper, watchdog
Keeping people informed
What are the functions of political parties?
Providing structure in the House and Senate
What is an iron triangle? How does the iron triangle impact politics?
A way to visualize the relationship between interest groups, Congress, and the
Interest groups try to influence policy makers to do things that are beneficial to them
How are interest groups similar to political parties?
Want to influence policy, raise lots of money
How do regulations like voter ID laws impact voting?
They lower turnout
What are the types of third parties?