Europe's highest mountain, extending in an arc from the Mediterranean coast to the Balkan peninsula.
First Roman emperor; won the civil war following Julius Caesar's assassination and went on to unify the empire and establish the Pax Romana
Ruler of the Egyptian government in Alexandria who backed Caesar in the civil war he waged from 49BC to 45 BC.
Roman emperor who founded Constantinople as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire.
A city established as the new eastern capital of the Roman empire by the emperor Constantine in 330 AD
One of two elected officials of the Roman Republic who commanded the army and were the supreme judges.
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
A branch of christianity that developed in the Byzantine empire and that did not recognize the pope as the supreme leader.
"The marketplace or public square of an ancient Roman city, the center of judicial and business affairs and a place of assembly for the people or
A Roman athlete, usually a slave, criminal, or prisoner of war; who was forced to fight for the entertainment of the public.
The land in the eastern part of the Mediterranean region populated by Jews at the time of the Roman Empire.
Historian of the Roman Republic who wrote about the struggle between plebeians and patricians of Rome.
A special leader the Jewish people believe will be sent by god to guide them and set up God's rule on Earth; Christians believe Jesus to be the Messiah.
The 2nd part of the Christian bible; containing the descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers.
Region in Southwestern Asia that became the ancient home of the Jews; the ancient Roman name for Judea; in recent times, the British protectorate that became Israel in 1947.
A member of the noble families who controlled all power in the early years of the Roman Republic.
A period of peace for the Roman Empire that began with the rule of Augustus in about 27BC and lasted around 200 years.
One of the 12 apostles of Jesus; Roman Catholics consider him to be the first pope, or bishop of Rome.
An ancient city in Southwestern Italy that was buried by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
A series of conflicts between Rome and Carthage in the 200'sBC ending in a victory for Rome.
A branch of Christianity that developed in the Western Roman empire and that recognized the Pope as its supreme leader.
The former center of both the ancient Roman Republic and the Roman empire; capital of present-day Italy.
Roman general who defeated Hannibal in the Battle of Zama outside Carthage, North Africa in 202 BC.
A river flowing southward from north-central Italy across the Latium plain, and into the Tyrrhenian Sea.
The earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by the patricians about 450BC, that became the foundation of Roman law.