Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Health science vocab
Terms in this set (69)
American Cancer Society
(ACS) is a nationwide voluntary health org dedicated to eliminating cancer. Est in 1913, the society is organized into 11 geographical divisions of both medical and lay volunteers operating in more than 900 offices t/o the U.S.
American Heart Association
A non-profit organization whose work is directed at raising money for research into heart disease and educating the public about cardiac health.
American Lung Association
An organization dedicated to improving peoples lung health and preventing lung disease
American Public Health Association (APHA)
National org founded in 1872 to facilitate interdisciplinary efforts and promote public health; representing all disciplines and specialties in public health
The evaluation or estimation of the nature, quality, or ability of someone or something
Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)
the national nonprofit org representing the state and territorial public health agencies of the United States, the U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia.
the knowledge and courtesy of employees and their ability to convey trust
focuses on early detection of unusual disease patterns that may be due to human intervention; collecting health data and analyzing it for any deviations from the norm
the use of biological and chemical weapons in terrorist attacks
Specific areas making changes to reduce the impact a hazard will have.
equilibrium community will recover from events which make any constituent species have low density
While the main causes of body disharmony are external like the 6 evils or internal like the 7 emotions, additional factors that need to be taken into consideration in disease causation are known as constitutional factors; lifestyle factor and unforeseen factors
Core Public Health Functions
Responsible to protect/promote health and prevent disease/injury; public health departments balance core gov public health functions that are essential to the maintenance of population-based services.
Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE)
The Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) is a 501(c)(6) non-profit org originally organized in 1955, founded in 1992, and based in Atlanta, Georgia.
Responder Safety and Health
a critical component of safe overall emergency management; building the ability to protect all responders from all hazards is a substantial undertaking that involves prevention, preparedness, response, and recovery efforts.
Focuses on 6 areas for grants, 2 that focus on health: disease prevention and treatment (combat spread of HIV/AIDS)
Efforts to limit the effects of an injury or illness that you cannot completely prevent.; actions that avert harm in a high-risk situation, such as stopping a car before it hits a pedestrian
a fun, energizing program that helps older adults take greater control of their health by encouraging physical activity and offering social events.
Too/service that uses websites/applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social networking.
Social and Community Networks
the external influences on the health of an individual characterized by interactions b/t groups of ppl and/or orgs and institutions
close watch over a person, group, or area; supervision
actions taken to contain damage once a disease or disability has progressed beyond its early stages
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Agency in the U.S. federal gov that has the power to approve/disapprove new drugs; regulates claims on product labels
A national network of local organizations that work to advance the common good by focusing on education, income and health
The supervision of volunteers involved with an event; it involves 2 areas: (1) working w event organizers/staff to determine the areas in which volunteers are needed and the quantity needed & (2) soliciting, training, and managing the volunteers.
Medical Maternal Management & Distribution
Ability to maintain, transport, distribute and track medical materials (pharmaceuticals, gloves) during an incident
Medical Reserve Corps (MRC)
national network of volunteers organized locally to improve the health and safety of their communities.
Ability to provide adequate medical evaluation during events that exceed the limit of the normal medical infrastructure of an affected
Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP)
community driven strategic planning process for improving community healthy
National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)
Public health org that works to promote the public health of the community
National Association of Local Boards of Health (NALBOH)
Org where mission is to strengthen/prepare local boards of health, enabling them to protect the health of the community,tech assistance and advocacy
National Incident Management System (NIMS)
System that works to protect, prevent, respond, recover, mitigate of incidents
National Response Framework (NRF)
Strategy for Homeland security that prepares and provides unified nation response to disasters and emergency
(NPIs) are actions, apart from getting vaccinated and taking medicine, that people and communities can take to help slow the spread of illnesses like pandemic influenza (flu). NPIs are also known as community mitigation strategies.
Ensures the policy moves through all of its stages
the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health
Healthy People 2000 Report
National Health Promotion and Disease Prévention Objectives, a strategy for improving the health of Americans by the end of the century; progress reports are published annually in the healthy pol 200 review series
Healthy People Report 2010
designed to achieve 2 overarching goals: increase quality and years of healthy life, and to eliminate health disparities
Healthy People 2020 Report
Aims to reach 4 goals: attain high quality longer lives free of preventable disease, disability, injury and premature death. Achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and to improve the health of all groups. Create social and physical environments that promote good health for all
Incident Command System (ICS)
A management system designed to enable effective and efficient domestic incident management by inter grating a combination of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedure, and communications operating w/in the organized structure
One-to-one exchanges of data b/t a sender and receiver. These exchanges are implemented via dozens of open and proprietary protocols, message and file formats
Institute of Medicine (IOM)
A nonprofit org est in 1970 as a component of the IS National Academy of Sciences that works outside the framework of gov to provide evidence-based research and recommendations for public health and science policy
Identified the broad street pump as the source of an intense cholera outbreak by plotting the location of cholera deaths on a dot map. The story of breakout is a common ex of the discipline in action
Architect of American public health, sanitary commission of Massachusetts 1850 Report
The way a person chooses to live their life based on the choices they make; was analyzed by means of index scores, each covering the 4 domains: smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity and dietary habits
Macro Environmental Conditions
Demographic, Economic, Political, Ecological, Social-Cultural, and Technological forces
The capability to provide immediate shelter, feeding center, basic first aid, bulk distribution of needed items, and related services to persons affected by a large-scale incident
Medical Countermeasure Dispensing
The ability to provide medical countermeasures in support of treatment to the identified population w public health guidelines and/or recommendations
Determinants of health
the range of personal, social, economic, and environmental factors that influence health status
This was a public health official who wrote reports on the poor living conditions of the cities and believed that poverty was caused by illnesses
Emergency public information and warning system
Providing situational info (that is disseminated primarily in anticipation) to the public, it also frequently provides directive actions required to be taken by the general public.
the study of how environmental factors affect human health and quality of life
the branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribution, and possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health.
host, agent, environment
Exploring Accreditation Project (EAP)
a means of informing the development of the public health accreditation model
a term defining forensic-based decisions influencing how the victims, their families, and the identification efforts are managed main focus is on the overall ID efforts/influence of taphonomic factors on the process
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
A federal agency responsible for disaster preparedness, response and recovery; under Department of Homeland Security.
The combination of physical, mental/emotional, and social well-being
providing accurate health info and teaching health skills to help people make healthy decisions
the creation/delivery of health promotion programs using multidisciplinary, evidence-based strategies to motivate the public toward positive health practices
Emergency operations coordination
the ability to direct/support an event or incident w public health or medical implications by est a standardized, scalable system of oversight, organization, and supervision consistent with jurisdictional.
Actions that change overall background conditions to prevent some unwanted event or circumstance, such as injury, disease, or abuse.
the practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community
Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB)
a nonprofit org dedicated to advancing the continuous quality improvement of Tribal, state, local, and territorial public health departments; PHAB's vision is a high-performing governmental public health system that'll make the U.S. a healthier nation.
Public Health Educational Campaign
A health campaign is a type of media campaign which attempts to promote public health by making new health interventions available
Public Health Laboratory Testing
focus on diseases and the health status of population groups; perform limited diagnostic testing, reference testing, and disease surveillance; also provide emergency response support, perform applied research, and provide training for laboratory personnel.
public health preparedness
the ability of the public health system, community, and individuals to prevent, protect against, quickly respond to, and recover from health emergencies, particularly those in which scale, timing, or unpredictability threatens to overwhelm routine capabilities
Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act
(a) Protects the safety and security of the food supply
(b) Operations Risk Management process to prioritize preventive measures likely to have the greatest impact on reducing the risk of food security problems; result of 9/11/2001
Public Health surveillance and epidemiological investigation
Assess internal agency surveillance and epidemiologic investigation both during and after an incident and implement quality improvement measures that are within jurisdictional public health agency control
Sets with similar terms
HPEX 300 Chapter 5
HA 5335 Midterm
HA3308 Nowicki Chapter 5
Intro to Public Health: Chapter 1
Other sets by this creator
AP Gov Unit 2 vocabs
Of mice and men vocabulary
Other Quizlet sets
BZ Bio Test 1 Study Guide: Final
Cells and Tissues ch.2
Ch. 13-16 TERMS and People (not concepts)
a windshield survey is beneficial because it:
Which modifiable factor contributes 10 percent to one's total health?
The school nurse is going to design an educational program focusing on healthy weight and exercise to address obesity in younger children. This is an example of what type of prevention?
what are the leading causes of lung cancer