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the idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
a drive in young children and baby monkeys to explore the relatively unfamiliar that is not a motive that fulls any immediate physiology need
physiology needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, esteem needs, self-actualization needs, and self-transcendence needs
the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. when its level is low we feel hunger
the pint at which an individual's "weight thermostat" is supposedly set. when body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight
an eating disorder in which a person (usually adolescent female) diets and becomes significantly (15% or more) underweight, yet still feeling fat, continues to starve
an eating disorder characterized by episodes of overeating, usually of high-calorie foods, followed by vomiting, laxative use, fasting, or excessive exercise
significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress, disgust, or guilt, but without compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosa
gender and weight discrimination
those who are overweight are less likely to be hired and/or promoted. especially women who are also unlikely to be married as a result
sexual response cycle
the four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson - excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution
sex hormones, such as estradiol, secreted in greater amounts in females than males and contributing to female sex characteristics. in nonhuman females, estrogen levels peak during ovulation, promoting sexual receptivity.
the most important of the male sex hormones. both males and females have it, but the additional of it in males stimulates growth of the male sex organ in the fetus and the development of male sex characteristics during puberty
psychological influences of sexual motivation
exposure to stimulating conditions and sexual fantasies
social-cultural influences of sexual motivation
family and society values, religious and personal values, cultural expectations, and media
Reasons fro teen pregnancy and sexual activity
ignorance, minimal communication about birth control, guilt related to sexual activity, alcohol use, mass media norms of unprotected promiscuity
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