AP World History Ways of the World Chapter 6 Vocabulary

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Meroe
City in southern Nubia that was the CENTER of Nubian civilization between 300 B.C.E. and 100 C.E.
Axum
CLASSICAL ERA kingdom of EAST AFRICA that is in present-day Eritrea and North Ethiopia. Flourished from 100-600 C.E.
Piye
an ancient KUSHITE KING and founder of the 25th Dynasty in Egypt. Ruled from 744-714 B.C.E. Ruled from Napata in Nubia, modern-day Sudan
Niger Valley Civilization
distinctive city-based civilization. FLOURISHED BETWEEN 300 B.C.E. to 900 C.E. in flood plains of Niger. Includes major city JENNE-JENO. Lack of central state structure. Organized in clusters of economically specialized settlements
Maya Civilization
major classical civilization of MESO AMERICA. Flourished from 250-900 C.E. Present-day Mexico
Teotihuacan
largest city of pre-Columbian America. Seemingly built to a plan in MEXICO. Population: 100-200 thousand. Flourished 300-600 C.E. Name is aztec for, "City of the Gods"
Chavin
ANDEAN TOWN, a center of large Peruvian religious movement. 900-200 B.C.E.
Moche
an important regional civilization of PERU. Governed by WARRIOR-PREISTS. Flourished between 100 and 800 C.E.
Wari and Tiwanaku
A POLITICAL EMPIRE that emerged around 600 C.E. in the central highlands of Peru. Thought to have been derived from TIWANIKU culture
Bantu Migration
GRADUAL MIGRATION of Bantu-speaking people from homeland in present-day SOUTH NIGERIA and Cameroon into most of Eastern and Southern Africa. Began about 3000 B.C.E. Agriculture and Ironworks gave advantage over Paleolithic people
Choco Phenomenon
major process of SETTLEMENT and social organization from 680-1130 C.E. in current Northwest NEW MEXICO. Society is notable for its settlement in LARGE PUEBLOS and building hundreds of miles of road
Mound Builders
members of any number of cultures that DEVELOPED EAST OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER Distinguished by large earthen mounds built during 200 B.C.E.-1250 C.E.
Pohnpei
member of FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA; tropical island in South Pacific Ocean
Tonga
Their COMMERCIAL INFLUENCE in central pacific has led some scholars to regard it as an incipient empire,
Manu and Tapu
Mana is SPIRITUAL ENERGY AND POWER, and tapu is something SACRED AND ELEVATED far above the ordinary.
yap
Involved in TRADE in commodes such as SEA TURTLES, COCONUTS and BREADFRUIT.