38 terms

Causes of American Revolution

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Terms in this set (...)

Alliance
Agreement between countries to aid and support each other
Boycott
Refusal to buy goods and services in protest
Committees of Correspondence
Patriot communication network within colonies
Duty
Import tax
Loyalist
Colonists who remained loyal to the King and were opposed to colonial independence.
Militia
Organized body of armed volunteers
Monopoly
Company that controls an entire industry or service
Patriot
Colonists who favored and fought for Independence.
Petition
Formal written request to someone in authority that is signed by a group of people.
Propaganda
False or misleading information that is spread to further a cause.
Repeal
To cancel a bill or law.
Salutary Neglect
British policies of avoiding strict enforcement of its laws over the colonies.
Sons of Liberty
Secret group of colonists who organized protests and boycotts of British Policies.
Treaty
Formal agreement referencing peace, alliances, trade and international relations.
Writs of Assistance
Court order that allowed British officials to make searches without a warrant.
Proclamation of 1763
Great Britain ordered settlers to stop crossing the Appalachian Mountains
French and Indian War
1st cause, War between England and her colonies against the French and Indians in North America
Stamp Act
Direct tax on colonists, all paper had to have an imprinted stamp upon it
No taxation without representation
Idea that the colonies should have representation in British Parliament before any taxes were imposed upon them
Declaratory Act
Great Britain can tax the colonies at any time on any thing
Townshend Acts
Tax on paper, paint, glass, lead, paper and tea.
Boston Massacre
Five colonists died when soldiers shot into the crowd on March 5, 1770
Tea Act
Law that made tea cheaper in the colonies but gave a monopoly to one tea company, hurting American smugglers
Boston Tea Party
Sons of Liberty destroyed 342 chests of tea (90000 lbs) by throwing it into Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts
Severe laws passed by Great Britain to punish the colonists in Boston
Quartering Act
Law that demanded colonists provide food and shelter for soldiers stationed in the colonies.
"Join, or Die"
Famous political cartoon urging the colonists to unite to fight the French and Indians
Lexington and Concord
Battle that took place on April 19, 1775 in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts starting the Revolutionary War.
John Hancock
Wealthy Boston lawyer, leader and money behind the Sons of Liberty
Samuel Adams
Leader of the Sons of Liberty
Thomas Paine
English-born Founding Father, author of "Common Sense" and ideals behind the American Revolution
Thomas Jefferson
Virginian Founding Father and writer of Declaration of Independence
John Adams
Bostonian lawyer, delegate to the Continental Congress and Founding Father
Patrick Henry
Virginian patriot famous for "Give Me Liberty, or Give Me Death" speech urging colonists to break away from England.
King George III
Monarch of Great Britain
Minutemen
Colonial militia in New England, known for being ready to fight in a moment's notice.
Benjamin Franklin
Famous colonial thinker, marketed the idea "Join, or Die" during the French and Indian War
First Continental Congress
Meeting in fall of 1774 of delegates from 12 of the 13 colonies to discuss colonial options prior to American Revolution.

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