23 terms

AP Human Geography - Religion

Vocabulary flashcards from chapter 6 on religion
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Polytheistic Religion
belief system in which multiple deities are revered as creators and arbiters of all that exists in the universe
Animism
the belief that inanimate objects, such as hills, trees, rocks, rivers, and other elements of the natural landscape, possess souls and can help or hinder human efforts on Earth
Universalizing Religion
A religion that appeals to all people and in some cases great effort is undertake in evangelism and missionary work.
Ethnic Religion
a religion that is particular to one, culturally distinct, group of people.
Caste System
the strict social segregation of people—specifically in India's Hindu society—on the basis of ancestry and occupation
Diaspora
a term describing forceful or voluntary dispersal of a people from their homeland to a new place. Originally denoting the dispersal of Jews.
Zionism
the movement to unite the Jewish people of the diaspora and to establish a national homeland for them in the promised land
Shari'a Laws
The system of Islamic law, sometimes called Quranic law. Unlike most western systems of law that are based on legal precedence, sharia is based on varying degrees of interpretation of the Quran.
Cosomogony
A set of religious beliefs concerning the origin of the universe.
Autonomous religion
A religion that does not have a central authority but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
Fundamentalism
A form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.
Ghetto
During the middle Ages, a neighborhood in a city set up by law to be inhabited only by Jews; now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Hierarchical religion
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
Interfaith boundary
Boundary that divides space between two or more religions.
Kosher
The term used for food allowed under Jewish dietary laws
Monotheism
Belief in one God
Pilgrimage
A journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes.
Reincarnation
In Hinduism and Buddhism, the process by which a soul is reborn continuously until it achieves perfect understanding
Religious architectural styles
These are the styles of architecture created by the religions. For example, Christians have always made temples, and Buddhists have always made a lot of religious statues. This is important to human geography because these styles affected most of the future styles for other civilizations.
sacred space
place or space people infuse with religious meaning
Secularism
An indifference to religion and a belief that religion should be excluded from civic affairs and public education.
Shamanism
The practice of identifying special individuals (shamans) who will interact with spirits for the benefit of the community.
Syncretism
a blending of beliefs and practices from different religions into one faith
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