Chapter 5: Language and Context
Terms in this set (24)
Variation means change. Language varies according to four main factors - social class, ethnic group, gender, and social context or situation.
The total number of linguistic varieties (dialects, accents, style, etc.) that a particular community uses is called verbal repertoire.
It means anything spoken or in the form of words.
It refers to a range of skills that a person or a community has.
It is a linguistic or speech variety that a group uses. The group could refer to people sharing the same occupation (doctors, lawyers, policemen). It could also refer to people sharing the same interests (singers, dancers, tennis fans, football fans).
He coined the term register in relation to sociolinguistics.
Variations in Register
A register is different from other registers in having a different vocabulary, different grammatical structure, and in the different use of words (for example, in tennis, love means zero).
Style is variation in a person's speech or writing.
Qualities of Style
Style is essentially interactive and social. It deals with interpersonal (communication between people) and inter-group (communication between groups of people) relations.
It is used in public meetings, work places, or used while speaking to elders.
Informal style is the casual way of speaking among members of the family or among friends. It is used in common places.
It is vocabulary that is extremely informal.
He first used the term code-switching.
It refers to a language, dialect, or style.
It is the process of changing from one language, style, or dialect to another.
It is code-switching that is done depending on the situation.
It is a kind of code-switching. When speakers change from one language to another, it is called language switching.
Language Switching in Luxembourg
In Luxembourg, speakers switch between French, German and Luxembourgish.
He coined the term diglossia.
Two forms of a language co-exist in society.
It is also called the H variety of diglossia. It is used for formal purposes.
It is also called the L variety of diglossia. It is used for informal purposes.
Uses of H Variety
Speakers use the H variety in sermons (talks that offer advice on morals and religion), formal letters, political speeches, university lectures, and broadcasting (radio, TV).
Uses of L Variety
Speakers use the L variety while speaking to family and friends. One can also find the L variety in soap serials and folk literature.