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31 terms

Ch. 5 Sec. 3 Mr. Rodio

STUDY
PLAY
Fighting among Greek city-states
Competition led to conflict
Impact of Persian Wars on Greece
Athens emerged as the most powerful Greek city-state
Impact of Persian Wars on Greece
Athens and other Greek city-states formed an alliance called the Delian League
Golden Age of Pericles
Period after the Pdersian War (460 B.C. to 429 B.C.) when Pericles led Greece
Golden Age of Pericles
Grrek economy thrived
Golden Age of Pericles
Greek government became more democratic
Caues & Effects of Pelopenesian War
Sparta and other Greek city-states formed the Pelopenesian League
Caues & Effects of Pelopenesian War
Athens was pro-democracy while Sparta was pro-oligarchy
Caues & Effects of Pelopenesian War
The Pelopenesian War began in 431 B.C. and lasted 27 years
alliance
a joining together for some common purpose
direct democracy
Government in which citizens vote on laws and select officials directly
stipend
salary
ostracism
the act of excluding someone from society by general consent
jury
a group of citizens chosen to hear evidence and make a decision in a court of law
Battle of Marathon
a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians
Persian Wars
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
Pericles
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
Pheidippedes
Pheidippides was sent to Sparta to request help when the Persians landed at Marathon, Greece
Athens
the capital and largest city of Greece
Sparta
an ancient Greek city famous for military prowess
Marathon
a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians
Marathon
a footrace of 26 miles 385 yards
Thermopylae
battle won by persians in mountain pass
Salamis
naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians, shortly after the battle at Thermopylae
Xerxes
King of the Persian Army who was defeated by the Greeks in 480 B.C.
Thucydides
Greek historian. He wrote a history of the Peloponnesian War that contains the funeral oration of Pericles
Pericles
Leader of Athens during the golden age
Plague in Athens
Plague that killed 30,000 Athenians including Pericles. Caused by overcrowding when Spartans attacked Athens and the Athenians moved inside the wall of their city
Aspasia
a well-educated woman who helped shape Athenian politics as an advisor to Pericles
Direct Democracy
a form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.
Indirect Democracy
system in which the people are rule by their representatives. Also known as representative democracy or a republic