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30 terms

chapter 8,9, and 14

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What is the most satiating macronutrient?
Protein.
What is a characteristic associated with using weight measures to assess risk of disease?
They cannot reveal fat distribution and central obesity.
The brain chemical neuropeptide Y is known to specifically enhance the craving for
carbohydrate.
What is a feature of fat cell metabolism in men and women
the rate of fat breakdown is higher in women than in men.
The effect of regular exercise on heart and lung function is known as
cardiorespiratory conditioning.
Approximately what fraction of people treated for anorexia nervosa show reasonable maintenance of their weight gain?
1/2
What is a feature of the basal metabolic rate (BMR)?
Pregnancy increases the BMR
The feeling of satiety from weight-loss diets is best achieved by diets rich in
complex carbohydrates.
Adverse effects on organs such as the liver from the presence of excess body fat is known as
lipotoxicity
What is behavior of fat cells
the number decreases when fat is lost from the body.
What cellular organelles are responsible for producing ATP aerobically?
Mitochondria
A muscle that increases in size in response to use is an example of
hypertrophy
The components of fitness dont include
bone fragility.
Athletes can safely add muscle tissue by
putting a demand on muscles repeatedly by making them work harder.
What components of training define(s) the progressive overload principle?
Intensity, frequency, and duration only
What is a characteristic of fat cell development?
More and larger fat cells are found in obese people compared with healthy-weight persons
The most likely explanation for why women readily store fat around the hips whereas men readily store fat around the abdomen is gender differences in
the activity of lipoprotein lipase.
What is the range of body fat content for normal-weight men?
13-21%
Waist circumference can best be used to assess
abdominal fat stores.
What term is given to the condition of a female athlete who has an eating disorder and develops amenorrhea and osteoporosis?
Female athlete triad
What defines central obesity?
Storage of excess fat around the trunk of the body
What is not derived directly from cardiorespiratory conditioning?
Increased flexibility
What is the name of the biochemical pathway describing the conversion of lactate to glucose?
Cori cycle
If muscle work is anaerobic, which of the following cannot serve as fuel?
Fat
What describes a trend of worldwide obesity?
Prevalence of obesity has leveled out in the last few years
What is the classification of a person who is 6 feet 4 inches tall and 202 lbs?
Healthy weight
A high risk of weight-related health problems is seen in women whose waist circumference begins to exceed
35 inches.
What is the approximate body mass index of a woman who is 5'5" and 125 lbs?
21
A person is at high risk for signs of illness and diminished work capacity when the BMI first drops below
17
The weight of the body less the fat content is known as the
lean body mass.