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Biology I- DNA/RNA

STUDY
PLAY
DNA
stores and transmits genetic information
RNA
involved in expressing DNA stored info
transcription
rewriting DNA gene info into mRNA
translation
Converting mRNA info into protein
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids
4 4nitrogen bases in DNA
adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), Thymine (T)
4 nitrogen bases in RNA
adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), Uracil (U)
DNA Polymerase
enzyme that builds DNA strands
ribosome
organelle where proteins are assembled
three kinds of RNA
mRNA, rRNA, tRNA
deoxyribose
sugar in DNA
ribose
sugar in RNA
three parts of nucleotide
sugar, phosphate, nitrogen base
mutation
change in the DNA code
Replication
making an exact copy of DNA
codon
group of three nucleotides that codes for one amino acid
amino acid
monomer of proteins
Base pairs in DNA with TAC ACT ACC
ATG TGA TGG
made during transcription and base pairs to TAC ACT ACC
AUG UGA UGG- mRNA
Where transcription occurs
nucleus
Where translation occurs
ribosome
Use a codon chart to find the amino acid for the DNA TAC
Methionine
Who puplished the structure of DNA?
Watson and Crick
Who took an X ray diffraction picture of DNA?
Rosalind Franklin
How many codons are in the following strand AUG CCG AAU
three
What process is when DNA makes an exact copy of itself?
DNA replication
Carries amino acids to the ribosome
tRNA