13 terms

Early Renaissance - High Renaissance (Painting)

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Lamentation
Period: Early Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Colorful, movement, halos, perspective
Artist: Giotto
Patron: Enrico Scrovegni
Name/Date: Lamentation - 1300CE
Location: Padua
Medium: Fresco
Function: Was meant to depict Christ's family mourning over him after he was removed from the cross.
Context: the Lamentation was a very common subject in the Early Renaissance.
Merode Altarpiece
Period: Northern Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Perspective isn't on point, it's a bit off, scale is off, patron's depicted, symbolism, stylized
Artist: Robert Campin
Patron: Peter Inghelbrecht
Name/Date: Merode Altarpiece - 1400CE
Location: Flanders
Medium: Oil on panel
Function: This painting depicted the Annunciation inside a home from the Northern Renaissance.
Context: During this time, the patron's of the paintings like to be depicted within the painting, it was extremely common and happen more often than not during the Northern Renaissance.
Arnolfini Wedding
Period: Northern Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Extreme amount of detail, woman has shaved back hairline to represent high class, very idealized, stylized, 3D perspective
Artist: Jan Van Eyck
Patron: Giovanni Arnolfini
Name/Date: Arnolfini Wedding - 1450CE
Location: Flanders
Medium: Oil on panel
Function: This painting was made for Arnolfini himself, was meant for his own use.
Context: During this time, in order to represent high class the people would shave their hairlines back, it was also common for the patron's of the painting to be depicted within the painting.
Madonna and Child
Period: Southern Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Naturalism, colors, background, heavy detail, expressionistic, perspective.
Artist: Fra Filippo Lippi
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Madonna and Child - 1450CE
Location: Florence
Medium: Tempera on wood
Function: The function of this painting was to depict Mary praying in front Jesus who was being supported by two angels with a landscape behind her inspired by Flemish paintings.
Context: This painting was an influential model for later depictions of Madonna and Child.
Birth of Venus
Period: Southern Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: 3D perspective, naturalism, colors, elongated figures
Artist: Sandro Botticelli
Patron: Medici Family
Name/Date: Birth of Venus - 1450CE
Location: Florence
Medium: Tempera on canvas
Function: The Medici Family wanted this painting for decoration purposes.
Context: The scene depicted in this painting is the story in which Venus emerged from the water as a full grown woman.
The Last Supper
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Figures create triangles, actions, colors, symmetry, extreme detail, perspective
Artist: Leonardo Da Vinci
Patron: Officials of Santa Maria Delle Grazie
Name/Date: The Last Supper - 1525 CE
Location: Milan
Medium: Oil and Tempera
Function: The function of this painting was to show Christ and the last supper before he was crucified.
Context: Many pieces that were painted during this time had do to with Christ's crucifixion. The significance of this painting is it showing the last official dinner Christ shared with the other humans on Earth before he was crucified.
School of Athens
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Perspective, colors, geometric, Golden Ratio, naturalism, architecture is painting on.
Artist: Raphael
Patron: Pope Julius II
Name/Date: School of Athens - 1525CE
Location: Vatican
Medium: Fresco
Function: The function of this painting was as decoration and to depict the School of Athens
Context: The School of Athens represents the truth acquired through reason.
Delphic Sibyl
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Anatomically correct, geometric, detailed, colorful, has the same hand as David
Artist: Michelangelo
Patron: Pope Julius II
Name/Date: Delphic Sibyl - 1525CE
Location: Vatican
Medium: Fresco
Function: This piece was part of an entire ceiling fresco in the Sistine Chapel for the pope and was done by Michelangelo.
Context: Michelangelo's work is easily identifiable with each other because he does the same things in most of his work such as the hand depicted is the same as the sculpture he did of David.
Venus of Urbino
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Golden ratio, anatomical correct, naturalism, portrays some sort of sexuality, detailed and descriptive
Artist: Titian
Patron: Duke of Urbino
Name/Date: Venus of Urbino - 1525CE
Location: Urbino
Medium: Oil on canvas
Function: This painting was depicting the Duke's mistress and was intended for only his eyes. It was put up in his private office.
Context: The women in the background of the painting are actually trying to find the Duke's mistress some clothing.
Crucifixion
No Image Available
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Anatomically corrected aspects, background, modeling, colors, perspective
Artist: Matthias Grunewald
Patron: Guido Guersi
Name/Date: Crucifixion - 1525CE
Location: Isenheim
Medium: Oil on panel
Function: The function of this painting was to depict the crucifixion of Christ
Context: The detail in the body structure of Christ represents the advanced skill the artists of this time had.
The Fall of Man
No Image Available
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Anatomically correct, detailed, 3D perspective, naturalistic, symmetrical, idealized
Artist: Albrecht Durer
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: The Fall of Man - 1525CE
Location: Nuremburg
Medium: Engraving
Function: The function of this piece was to was to show Adam and Eve
Context: This piece depicts Adam and Eve as a reference to the Bible.
Netherlands Proverbs
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Very busy, activity, colors, perspective, stylized, naturalistic
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Netherlands Proverbs - 1525CE
Location: Flanders
Medium: Oil on wood
Function: This painting was made in order to show everyday life of the people in the High Renaissance period.
Context: During the High Renaissance, naturalism plays an important role and showing every day life for the people is important as well.
Hunters in the Snow
Period: High Renaissance
Identifying Aspects: Naturalism, 3D perspective, modeling
Artist: Pieter Bruegel the Elder
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Hunters in the Snow - 1525CE
Location: Brussels
Medium: Oil on Panel
Function: This was painting was done in order to show the everyday activity of a hunter in the winter.
Context: Naturalism was a very important aspect to the paintings done in the High Renaissance period and was widely used.

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