FTCE Professional Education Exam Study Guide

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Albert Bandura developed the social learning theory. He stated that observing and modeling the attitudes, behaviors, and emotional resposes of others is important. What are the four processes of his theory?
They are: attention, retention, reproduction and motivation.
Introduced the teaching method of scaffolding.
Bruner
An assessment in which a collection of a student's work is put together to show his or her learning and progress over time.
Portfolio
What is factored in to determine a child's intelligence quotient?
Age. calculated by dividing an individual's mental age by his or her chronological age.
Inter-rater Reliability
The problem occurs when two teachers project different scores onto the same assessment.
can be used to help assess student readiness, identify learning difficulties, determine prior knowledge, and judge the effectiveness of a lesson.
Objective tests.
Deductive reasoning, inductive reasoning, comparison, classification, sequencing, cause/effect, patterning, webbing, analogies, forecasting, planning, hypothesizing, and critiquing are examples of..
Critical thinking
When creating educational policies on information access, both online or in print, the main commitment is to uphold what?
Intellectual freedom
emphasized Learning Through Experience. He promoted individuality, free activity, and learning through experience. Programs based on his theories feature project-based learning, cooperative learning, and arts integration activities. He wants schools to teach children to be problem-solvers by helping them learn to think rather than focus on content.
John Dewey
Observational learning
Albert Bruner
Stages of Ethic Care
Carol Gilligan
Eight Stages of Human Development
Erik Erickson
A meeting held to determine whether a behavior infraction committed by a student with a disability is a manifestation of that student's disability
Manifest determination review
Subcategories of due process
It has two subcategories. They are substantive due process and procedural due process.
can be found in both the 5th and 14th amendment. guarantees that any and all legal proceedings must be fair. guarantees a person the right to be heard before the government takes action.
Due process
domain is associated with a child's ability to understand emotions. It also is associated with students forming attachments, playing with others, and handling peer pressure.
Social development domain
domain includes objectives concerning manual and physical skills. In regards to the category of physical abilities, learning objectives relate to endurance, strength, flexibility, agility, reaction-response time, and dexterity.
Psychomotor domain
lead a study that found the amount of information that can be remembered in one exposure to stimuli. From this study, he found that the brain's memory can hold up to seven (plus or minus 2) chunks of information in working memory at the same time before beginning to become confused or make mistakes. This later became known as Miller's Magic Number.
George Miller
Formed "with-it-ness" theory
Jacob Kounin'
A teacher who knows what is going on in his classroom. He will circulate to help students with focus and behaviors.He will pace lessons to meet the needs of his students and create activities to support all learning styles. can be as simple as maintaining eye contact with students or knowing all of them by name.
"With-it-ness"
A person's short term memory is said to only hold how many elements of information?
7 (Miller's Magic Number)
1. Rehearsal: Having the students repeat information frequently
2. Meaningful learning: Having students create an association between new and existing information
3. Organization: Connections are made between old and new information
4. Elaboration: Adjoining additional information to new information
5. Visual imagery: Creating mental pictures for new information
6. Mnemonics: using patterns, acronyms, or rhymes
methods for helping students acquire and retain fact-based information